Diaspora


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Diaspora

(dīăs`pərə) [Gr.,=dispersion], term used today to denote the Jewish communities living outside the Holy Land. It was originally used to designate the dispersal of the Jews at the time of the destruction of the first Temple (586 B.C.) and the forced exile [Heb.,=Galut] to Babylonia (see Babylonian captivityBabylonian captivity,
in the history of Israel, the period from the fall of Jerusalem (586 B.C.) to the reconstruction in Palestine of a new Jewish state (after 538 B.C.).
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). The diaspora became a permanent feature of Jewish life; by A.D. 70 Jewish communities existed in Babylonia, Syria, Egypt, Cyrene, Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome. Jews followed the Romans into Europe and from Persia and Babylonia spread as far east as China. In modern times, Jews have migrated to the Americas, South Africa, and Australia. The Jewish population of Central and Eastern Europe, until World War II the largest in the world, was decimated in the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. Despite the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, the vast majority of the Jewish people remains in the diaspora, notably in North America, Russia, and Ukraine. The term diaspora has also been applied to other peoples with large numbers living outside their traditional homelands. See JewsJews
[from Judah], traditionally, descendants of Judah, the fourth son of Jacob, whose tribe, with that of his half-brother Benjamin, made up the kingdom of Judah; historically, members of the worldwide community of adherents to Judaism.
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; JudaismJudaism
, the religious beliefs and practices and the way of life of the Jews. The term itself was first used by Hellenized Jews to describe their religious practice, but it is of predominantly modern usage; it is not used in the Bible or in Rabbinic literature and only rarely
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.

diaspora

(from the Greek dia, through, and speiro, scatter) the situation of any group of people dispersed, whether forcibly or voluntarily, throughout the world. Referring particularly to the Jewish experience, the term may be applied to any comparable migrant groups. In a world ever more subject to GLOBALIZATION, diasporic communities are increasingly a feature of the world and the social and political implications of these are much studied. See also POST-COLONIAL THEORY.

Diaspora

 

the residence of a significant portion of a people (ethnic group) outside their native land. Diasporas have occurred as a result of forced deportation, the threat of genocide, and economic and geographic factors. Originally the term “diaspora” denoted the existence of Jews outside Palestine, especially after their exile by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II at the beginning of the sixth century B.C. and by the Romans in the first and second centuries A.D. Subsequently, the term was applied to other ethnic and religious groups, such as the Armenians, Irish, Chinese, and early Christians.

Diaspora

1. 
a. the dispersion of the Jews after the Babylonian and Roman conquests of Palestine
b. the Jewish communities outside Israel
c. the Jews living outside Israel
d. the extent of Jewish settlement outside Israel
2. (in the New Testament) the body of Christians living outside Palestine
3. a dispersion or spreading, as of people originally belonging to one nation or having a common culture
References in periodicals archive ?
During a visit to the JAMPRO/JBDC exhibition booth, Minister of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, Senator the Honourable Marlene Malahoo Forte, and Chairman of the Jamaican Diaspora Foundation, Mr.
The then government raised concerns over the alleged activities of the Tamil diaspora, saying they could fund another war in Sri Lanka.
Damjan Mancevski from SDSM replied that the claims that SDSM was against the Diaspora vote were untrue.
Joel Ndoli Pierre, Director of the Office of the Government Spokesperson, said since Rwanda Day began, more than 33,000 Rwandans in Diaspora have been mobilized to take part in nation building.
Like other African-born immigrants, the South Sudanese diaspora has sought education.
No matter their ethnic or racial background, national Christian leaders and churches, as well as diaspora Christian leaders and churches, are all part of a global church.
Globalization and technological change play an integral part in this process, specifically with regard to the interaction of diaspora groups with their home countries.
4bn in diaspora remittances - there is no data on how much was invested in Wales.
The Kurdish diaspora prepared letters to be sent to the governments of Kyrgyzstan, United Nations, NATO, Embassies of Russia, United States, UK, France, Germany with the request to interfere into the situation in Kobani.
DiasporaEngager services are tailored to meet the need of the global diaspora e.
This programme can help to ensure young members of the African diaspora can make the most of the possibilities this strong connection between Britain and Africa can bring.
Newfoundland's economic woes have led to a steady outflow of migration for well over a century, creating a significant Newfoundland diaspora across Canada and the United States.