Dictamnus


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Dictamnus

 

(dittany, or fraxinella), a genus of perennial herbs of the family Rutaceae. The odd-pinnate leaves resemble the leaves of the ash tree. The large pink, white, or lilac flowers are irregular and pentamerous; they are gathered in racemes. The fruit is a deeply five-lobed capsule.

There are six species (according to other data, two), distributed in the temperate and subtropical belts of Eurasia. D. albus grows in the southern Ukraine in steppes, in light forests, and amid shrubbery. D. caucasicus occurs in the southern European USSR and the Caucasus. The inflorescences produce a great deal of essential oil, and during hot weather the air around the plants can be ignited by a lighted match. Skin contact with the essential oil can result in burns. Young shoots are sometimes used as spice. D. albus is cultivated as an ornamental.

References in periodicals archive ?
The actual population of Dictamnus albus is expected to be reinforced, as result of increased natural maternal fertility and reproductive effort (more flowering individuals, higher seed production, more seedlings);
Then there's the Dictamnus alba var purpureus variety - a sultry deep pink, with dark red veins across the petals.
Plant Type of phytochemical(s) Alangium salviifolium Isoquinoline alkaloids and derivatives (IAD) Aloe vera Aloin Azadirachta indica Limonoids Apium graveolens Polyacetylenes Alisma orientale Triterpenes Alstonia yunnanensis IAD Aristolochia cucurbitifolia IAD Aristolochia manshuriensis IAD Atractylodes macrocephala Sesquiterpenes Berberis vulgaris Berberine Brucea javanica Triterpenes Clausena harmandiana IAD Daphniphyllum glaucescens Terpenoids, alkaloids Dictamnus dasycarpus Triterpenes Emblica officinalis Alkaloids Euphorbia fischeriana Diterpenes Ginkgo biloba Terpenoids Goniothalamus amuyon IAD Gynura pseudochina (L.
124] Dictamnus albus [115] Sapindaceae Aesculus hippocastanum [46] Simaroubaceae Ailanthus glandulosa Desf.
Character taxa of the alliance (and of subordinate syntaxa): Betonica officinalis, Chamaecytisus supinus, Clematis recta, Coronilla coronata, Cyanus triumfettii, Dictamnus albus, Ferulago campestris, Galium lucidum, Hippocrepis emerus subsp.
Rauter's descriptions of secretory cavity development in Dictamnus fraxinella Pets.
Martinet's description of secretory cavity development in Dictamnus albus L.
Woo WS, Lee EB, Kang SS, Shin KH, Chi HJ (1987) Antifertility principle of Dictamnus albus root barks.