Dien Bien Phu


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Dien Bien Phu

a village in NW Vietnam: French military post during the Indochina War; scene of a major defeat of French forces by the Vietminh (1954)

Dien Bien Phu

 

a district in northwestern Vietnam (capital, Muong Thanh) where the decisive battle of the Indochina War took place from March 13 to May 7, 1954, ending in victory for the Vietnamese People’s Army (VPA). The fortified French camp at Dien Bien Phu was the key to the junction of strategic communications linking the main areas of military operation in North Vietnam and leading to Laos. The camp, occupied by a 16,000-man French garrison under the command of General de Castries, consisted of 49 strongpoints organized into the northern, central, and southern defense sectors. The Vietnamese People’s Army, headed by Vo Nguyen Giap, encircled the French camp with well-developed lines of underground passages and trenches and for 65 days gradually tightened the ring of siege around the fortified area. First the northern sector was captured, and the airlift by which the besieged force had been supplied was eliminated. On May 7, 1954, the VPA took the central for-tress by storm and then took the southern sector. The French troops surrendered.

The victory at Dien Bien Phu threatened a total defeat of the French expeditionary force, and it forced the colonialists to agree to peace talks and to sign the 1954 Geneva Agreement.

Dien Bien Phu

Vietminh rout of French paved way for partition of Vietnam (1954). [Fr. Hist.: Van Doren, 541]
See: Defeat
References in periodicals archive ?
In late November 1953, to break up a Viet Minh invasion of neighboring Laos, the French established a redoubt at Dien Bien Phu, in the last valley of northwest Vietnam.
The significance for Ho of Dien Bien Phu, as symbol and reality of the humiliating defeat inflicted on one of the oldest colonial powers in Asia, is virtually left out of the narrative.
1954: The French garrison at Dien Bien Phu surrendered to Viet Mirth forces on 7 May.
In the north Vietnam, Luxury Travel provides chartered service Hanoi to Halong Bay, Cat Ba islands, Sapa, Dien Bien Phu or Bac Ha Colorful Hill tribes Sunday Market.
Luego del nacimiento de la Republica Democratica de Vietnam, esta debio defender el pais ante el retorno de los colonialistas franceses; nueve anos mas de lucha culminaron con una nueva victoria en mayo de 1954, al tomar el general Vo Nguyen Giap la plaza de Dien Bien Phu.
appears to have held back prisoners--just as it had done when the French were defeated at Dien Bien Phu in 1954 and withdrew their forces from Vietnam.
La Liga por la Independencia de Vietnam o Viet Minh, liderada por Ho Chi Minh, pudo sitiar y reducir la guarnicion de mas de 10 000 franceses en Dien Bien Phu.
From the fiasco of the invasion of Tonkin (which contributed to the fall of Jules Ferry) to the publicly humiliating defeat at Dien Bien Phu (which turned a militant faction in the officer corps against the fragile Fourth Republic), a teacher of French history can cite numerous examples of the interdependence, importance, and inextricability of French and Vietnamese history.
The case is a man from Dien Bien Phu city, Dien Bien Province.
The prolific northern growing region stretches from Ha Giang on the border with China, west to Dien Bien Phu on the border with Lao and south to Nghe An province on the Gulf of Tonkin.
Ham's account of the decolonisation of Indochina begins with the annihilation of the French at Dien Bien Phu and continues through the departure of the Australians and Americans in 1973.
Giap, who orchestrated the historic defeat of the French army at Dien Bien Phu on May 7, 1954, has called on the Vietnamese government to halt those plans, citing environmental damage, harm to ethnic minorities, and a threat to national security as reasons.