Diesel Fuel


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Diesel Fuel: diesel fuel additives

diesel fuel

[′dē·zəl ‚fyül]
(materials)
Fuel used for internal combustion in diesel engines; usually that fraction of crude oil that distills after kerosine.

Diesel Fuel

 

a liquid petroleum fuel used in diesel engines. Two groups of diesel fuels are produced: distillate low-viscosity fuels used in high-speed boosted diesels and high-viscosity residual fuels used in slow-speed diesels.

Distillate diesel fuels are produced by using kerosine-gas-oil fractions from direct petroleum refining and to some degree (up to 20 percent) gas oils from catalytic cracking. Fuel for slow-speed diesels is produced from a mixture of fuel oils and the kerosine-gas-oil fractions of petroleum.

Table 1. Distillate fuels
FuelViscosity at 20°C
(centistokes)1
Centane numberSulfur content
(percent)
Congealing temperature (°C)Flash point (°C)
1 1 stoke = 10 m2/sec * Viscosity at 50°C
Motor vehicle and tractor fuels
Low sulfur content:
DA (arctic)...............
2.5-4.0400.2-6035
DZ (winter)...............3.5-6.0400.2-4550
DL (summer)...............3.5-8.0450.2-1060
DS (special)...............2.5-4.0 2500.2-1590
High sulfur content:
A (arctic)...............
1.5-2.5450.4-5530
Z (winter)...............2.2-3.2450.6-3535
L (summer)...............3.0-6.0451.0-1040
S (special)...............4.5-6.0501.0-1590
Locomotive and ship engine fuels
TZ (winter)...............2.2-5.0450.5-3540
TL (summer)...............3.5-6.5450.5-1065

Tables 1 and 2 show the basic properties of diesel fuels produced in the USSR.

Table 2. Residual fuels
FuelViscosity at 50°C
(centistokes)
Cokeability
(percent
)
Sulfur content
(percent
)
Congealing temperature
(°C
)
Flash point
(°C
)
DT...............363.00.5-1-5-565
DM...............15010.03.01085

REFERENCES

Nefteprodukty: Spravochnik. Edited by B. V. Losikov. Moscow, 1966.
Tekhnicheskie usloviia na nefteprodukty. Moscow, 1969.

N. G. PUCHKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The addition of renewable diesel fuel adds to Mack's alternative fuel offerings.
One liter of diesel fuel sells for YR100 (about 46 cents per liter, or $1.
Abrahamyan have purchased big volumes of diesel fuel in Mkhchan village of Ararat region.
The dry sandy soil was given an initial water content of 12% prior to mixing with the diesel fuel.
2) Trucker Jon Howerton says the current diesel fuel price spike doesn't allow for any buffer on truckers, or for raises.
The combination of the blends described here and 2 percent diesel fuel resulted in a mixture that mixed relatively easily and appeared to consolidate well.
Bio-diesel fuel contains up to 98% less sulfur and 78% less carbon dioxide than regular diesel fuel.
Exempt uses include off-highway business use, use of gasoline by state and local governments, use by nonprofit educational organizations, use of diesel fuel or kerosene as heating fuel, use in certain buses and use of aviation fuel in commercial air transportation.
The challenge, explains Carven, is that diesel engines demand small amounts of diesel fuel for ignition.
Privratsky would like to make surcharges automatic for motor carriers by linking them directly to the price of diesel fuel.
A boat that inadvertently dumps soybean-based diesel fuel into a lake won't foul the water as much as one releasing regular fuel.
More important perhaps, while diesel emissions might be noxious and unhealthy, the use of diesel fuel brings with it considerable benefits.

Full browser ?