Diethylene Glycol


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Related to Diethylene Glycol: diethylene glycol monoethyl ether

diethylene glycol

[dī′eth·ə‚lēn ′glī‚kȯl]
(organic chemistry)
CH2OHCH2OCH2CH2OH Clear, hygroscopic, water-soluble liquid, boiling at 245°C; soluble in many organic solvents; used as a softener, conditioner, lubricant, and solvent, and in antifreezes and cosmetics.

Diethylene Glycol

 

(β,β’-dihydroxydiethyl ether), HOCH2CH2OCH2CH2OH, a viscous colorless liquid, having a melting point of -8°C, a boiling point of 245°C, a density of 1.1197 g/cm3 (15°C), and a refractive index of 1.4472. It is miscible with water,, alcohol, and acetone but slightly soluble in ether and benzene. Its chemical properties resemble those of ethylene glycol. The latter, along with ethylene oxide, Diethylene Glycol and ethylene chlorohydrin, ClCH2CH2OH, serves as a raw material for the industrial preparation of diethylene glycol.

Diethylene glycol is extensively used as a solvent for nitrocellulose, oils, and resins; as a softener; as a component of antifreeze and absorption mixtures; and as a drying agent (in the gas industry). Some derivatives of diethylene glycol are of practical importance, such as, diethylene glycol dinitrate, the monoethers (Carbitols), and the diethers (for example, diglyme, CH3OCH2CH2OCH2CH2OCH3).

References in periodicals archive ?
Diethylene glycol is a strongly hydrophilic group bestowing an amphiphilic nature on the PHO-DEG polymer, potentially predisposing it to BF arrays.
found diethylene glycol, a poison, and known cancer-causing agents in some of the 19 varieties of e-cigarette cartridges that it tested from two manufacturers.
In one example, a 38wt% polyvinylidene fluoride solution in a mixture of gamma butyrolactone and diethylene glycol was extruded at 190[degrees]C into a 12[degrees]C bath of 80-wt% aqueous gamma butyrolactone, resulting in a hollow fiber membrane.
In 1985 the Austrian wine industry suffered a huge blow when some less scrupulous winemakers were found to be adding diethylene glycol, or antifreeze, to give more sweetness and body.
Within 36 hr, he identified diethylene glycol in acetaminophen preparations that the children were given to reduce fever.
Potassium octoate compounds in diethylene glycol for isocyanurate foams.
Advertisements claim electronic cigarettes are a healthier way to smoke, but one sample tested by the Food and Drug Administration contained diethylene glycol, a toxic chemical used in antifreeze," wrote Li.
The physical properties of diethylene glycol [(2-hydroxyethoxy) ethan-2-ol] make it an excellent counterfeit for pharmaceutical-grade propylene glycol (propane-1,2-diol), and have caused many deaths in different countries over decades.
In 1996, 80 Haitian children died from ingesting cough syrup tainted with diethylene glycol (DEG), a chemical commonly found in antifreeze.
Dubai-based MEGlobal and Equipolymers, a leader in the manufacture and marketing of merchant monoethylene glycol and diethylene glycol,.
Tests on one of the samples detected diethylene glycol - a chemical used in antifreeze that is toxic to humans - and in several other samples the FDA analyses detected other carcinogens.