span

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span

1. Psychol the amount of material that can be processed in a single mental act
2. short for wingspan
3. a unit of length based on the width of an expanded hand, usually taken as nine inches

Span

The interval between any two consecutive supports of a beam, girder, or truss or between the opening of an arch.

Span

 

of a bridge, the part of a bridge that extends between the bridge piers and carries various loads, such as transportation vehicles, pedestrians, and winds, which it transfers to the piers.

A span consists of such bearing components as longitudinal beams or trusses, crossbeams or diaphragms, and slabs for the roadway. In arch bridges the main bearing components are the arches, which support the structure above them. Loads carried by spans are transferred to piers through bearing parts. The roadway slab of a span supports a roadbed and pedestrian sidewalks. The surface of the slab is paved with a layer of topping of asphalt or cement concrete and waterproofing. The material used for a span may be a metal, such as an aluminum alloy or steel, plain or reinforced concrete, native stone, or wood.

The span is the most important part of a bridge. The structural design of a bridge and its static diagram depend on the static diagram of the span. The span may be of the girder, frame, arch, suspension, guy, or combination type. The general architectural composition of a bridge is essentially dependent on the type of span. Ordinarily a span is rectilinear as viewed from the top, although the spans of modern bridges, viaducts, and overpasses over the junctions of transportation lines may have more complicated shapes and be spiraled, ringed, or branched.

The static diagram and the structural material used determine the way in which a span is constructed. Spans are usually built from prefabricated units manufactured in specialized plants or yards.


Span

 

in buildings and structures, the distance between the neighboring supports of horizontal structural elements. There are spans, for example, between the columns that support a roof truss and between the piers that support a bridge span. Standardized span dimensions that conform to the Unified Modules System are currently used in construction in the USSR.

span

[span]
(aerospace engineering)
The dimension of a craft measured between lateral extremities; the measure of this dimension.
Specifically, the dimension of an airfoil from tip to tip measured in a straight line.
(engineering)
A structural dimension measured between certain extremities.
(mathematics)
For a set A, the intersection of all sets that contain A and have some specified property. Also known as hull.
For a set of vectors, the set of all possible linear combinations of those vectors. Also known as linear span.
(statistics)
The difference between the highest value and the lowest value in a range of values.

bearing distance, span

The length of a beam between its bearing supports.

span

1. The interval between two terminals of a construction.
2. The distance apart of any two consecutive supports, esp. as applied to the opening of an arch.
3. A structural member (or part of a member) between two supports.

span

span
spanclick for a larger image
i. The tip-to-tip distance of a wing. Winglets, tip tanks, and tip pods are not included while measuring the span.
ii. The operating radial distance from the root to the tip of a rotating airfoil, such as helicopter rotors or turbine or compressor blades.
References in periodicals archive ?
Computerized analysis of error patterns in digit span recall.
In the present study various neurocognitive tests were performed to assess the cognitive domains of executive functioning (interference Stroop Colour Test, Trail Making Test part B, digit span backward test), attention and concentration (digit span forward test, Trail Making Test part A), and verbal learning and memory (verbal learning and memory test) because these are among the most important cognitive domains for daily functioning.
25) showed poor performance in forward and backward digit span tasks in children diagnosed with APD.
Both children, with ADHD and non-ADHD, received the same frequency of cognitive operational tests (such as Digit Span, Stroop Color-word Test, Coding Test, and WSCT).
DY-BOCS = Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale; WASI = Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence; RCFT = Rey Complex Figure Test; WAIS-III = Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, third edition; LNS = Letter-Number Sequencing; DSF = Digit Span Forward; DSB = Digit Span Backward; FAS = phonemic verbal fluency test.
Each participant's forward digit span is calculated by counting the number of lists recalled correctly.
Some test scores were missing for some children: CPT II (n = 9), Digit Span (n = 14), Santa Ana (n = 2), CRS-P (n = 1), and CRS-T (n = 53).
With the exception of the digit span (forward), digit span total, COWAT A, narrative memory test (delayed recall), token test and the Luria hand sequence test, there were significant mean differences between all other tests in the three groups (Table 2).
WMS-III) Digit Span subtest was administered as a measure of working memory and attention.
Study participants were administered the GDS, the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE), [10] the forward and backward digit span task, and the Trail-Making Tests A and B (TMT-A, TMT-B) [11] at baseline and the
Digit Span (DS) Forward and Backward scores also display ranges equalling an SD of [+ or -]1 between some countries (most notably Uganda and South Africa) and even within countries, based on demographics.