span

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span

1. Psychol the amount of material that can be processed in a single mental act
2. short for wingspan
3. a unit of length based on the width of an expanded hand, usually taken as nine inches

Span

The interval between any two consecutive supports of a beam, girder, or truss or between the opening of an arch.

Span

 

of a bridge, the part of a bridge that extends between the bridge piers and carries various loads, such as transportation vehicles, pedestrians, and winds, which it transfers to the piers.

A span consists of such bearing components as longitudinal beams or trusses, crossbeams or diaphragms, and slabs for the roadway. In arch bridges the main bearing components are the arches, which support the structure above them. Loads carried by spans are transferred to piers through bearing parts. The roadway slab of a span supports a roadbed and pedestrian sidewalks. The surface of the slab is paved with a layer of topping of asphalt or cement concrete and waterproofing. The material used for a span may be a metal, such as an aluminum alloy or steel, plain or reinforced concrete, native stone, or wood.

The span is the most important part of a bridge. The structural design of a bridge and its static diagram depend on the static diagram of the span. The span may be of the girder, frame, arch, suspension, guy, or combination type. The general architectural composition of a bridge is essentially dependent on the type of span. Ordinarily a span is rectilinear as viewed from the top, although the spans of modern bridges, viaducts, and overpasses over the junctions of transportation lines may have more complicated shapes and be spiraled, ringed, or branched.

The static diagram and the structural material used determine the way in which a span is constructed. Spans are usually built from prefabricated units manufactured in specialized plants or yards.


Span

 

in buildings and structures, the distance between the neighboring supports of horizontal structural elements. There are spans, for example, between the columns that support a roof truss and between the piers that support a bridge span. Standardized span dimensions that conform to the Unified Modules System are currently used in construction in the USSR.

span

[span]
(aerospace engineering)
The dimension of a craft measured between lateral extremities; the measure of this dimension.
Specifically, the dimension of an airfoil from tip to tip measured in a straight line.
(engineering)
A structural dimension measured between certain extremities.
(mathematics)
For a set A, the intersection of all sets that contain A and have some specified property. Also known as hull.
For a set of vectors, the set of all possible linear combinations of those vectors. Also known as linear span.
(statistics)
The difference between the highest value and the lowest value in a range of values.

bearing distance, span

The length of a beam between its bearing supports.

span

1. The interval between two terminals of a construction.
2. The distance apart of any two consecutive supports, esp. as applied to the opening of an arch.
3. A structural member (or part of a member) between two supports.

span

span
spanclick for a larger image
i. The tip-to-tip distance of a wing. Winglets, tip tanks, and tip pods are not included while measuring the span.
ii. The operating radial distance from the root to the tip of a rotating airfoil, such as helicopter rotors or turbine or compressor blades.
References in periodicals archive ?
Each participant's forward digit span is calculated by counting the number of lists recalled correctly.
The memory latent function was based on the number of correct responses on the learning trials of the CVLT-C for List A total trials 1-5 free recall (CVLT 1); List A, trial 1 free recall (CVLT 2); List A, trial 5 free recall (CVLT 3); Short delay free recall (CVLT 4); Long delay free recall (CVLT 5); Digit Span forward (Digit fwd) and backward (Digit bwd) scores.
9,38] Several tests displayed significant diagnostic accuracy for MCI, namely digit symbol (90 s), COWAT F, FAS Total and Animal, and the TMT-B, with the highest sensitivity reported for digit span (backwards), digit symbol (120 s), and Maze total.
Figure 2 shows the pre- and posttest scores for all participants on the Digit Span Backwards subtest of the AGTB.
The acupressure group had significantly decreased P300 amplitude and latency on the Stroop task and significant improvement on the Digit Span Test; the control group did not.
Next, participants were presented with the Digit Span subtest from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and analogous memory tasks using letters of the alphabet and one syllable words.
The ACID profile (Arithmetic, Coding, Information, and Digit Span subtests) has been the traditional tool used to measure learning disabilities.
RESULTS: Results for the MC Square device showed statistically reliable improvement (improvement not related to chance that is reproducible) in the measure of attention and concentration using the Digit Span Forward Test.
Forward digit span, in effect, is more difficult than backward digit span.
Digit span scores, which assess attention, did not differ significantly before and after delivery in any group, but were significantly better at both time points in the preeclamptic patients on MgS[O.
The tests were modifications of a Digit Span Test (short-term recall, addressing the phonological loop) and a maze test (addressing central executive, e.
On the WISC-III, these students usually obtain higher scores on the block design, object assembly, picture arrangement, mazes, similarities, and comprehension subtests, but lower scores on the vocabulary, information, arithmetic, picture completion, coding, and digit span subtests (Dixon cited in Ferri et al.