Dilantin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Dilantin

(dī`lăntĭn), trade name for diphenylhydantoin, an anticonvulsant drug. The first nonsedative antiepileptic agent, it is still widely used to control the grand mal type of epilepsyepilepsy,
a chronic disorder of cerebral function characterized by periodic convulsive seizures. There are many conditions that have epileptic seizures. Sudden discharge of excess electrical activity, which can be either generalized (involving many areas of cells in the brain)
..... Click the link for more information.
. It is also useful against types of psychomotor epilepsy, i.e., epilepsy involving bizarre patterns of movement. In some cases Dilantin, in combination with phenobarbital, a barbituratebarbiturate
, any one of a group of drugs that act as depressants on the central nervous system. High doses depress both nerve and muscle activity and inhibit oxygen consumption in the tissues. In low doses barbiturates act as sedatives, i.e.
..... Click the link for more information.
, is more effective than either drug used alone.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of these AED's used may be those that have a higher chance of affecting cognition or behavior, including Dilantin, Phenobarbital, Topamax, Keppra, and various benzodiazepines including Klonopin, Valium, and Ativan.
He was admitted in the intensive care unit, underwent a CT scan of the head, loaded with IV Dilantin and was evaluated by a neurologist.
The lower court found that "the proper procedure for the intravenous infusion of Dilantin, and the appropriate course of action to take in the event of infiltration, was not within the common knowledge of laypersons.
HIV+ patients taking Kaletra to treat HIV who are also taking Dilantin (phenytoin) may need to adjust their doses or even change their reeds.
Neurological sequelac following Dilantin overdose in a patient and in experimental animals.
He was prescribed dilantin and had no seizures for two years.
The book also said that in 1968 Jack Dreyfus, founder of an investment firm, gave Nixon 2,000 capsules of the mood-altering drug Dilantin, an anti-convulsant used to counter epileptic seizures.
According to the book, Nixon was prescribed Dilantin in 1968 by Jack Dreyfus, an enthusiastic promoter and user of the drug himself.
An example is breakthrough seizuring when Dilantin is not mixed sufficiently.
Interactions and side-effects increase with prescription medications like Dilantin, primarily an epilepsy drug; scopolamine; Phenergan; and cinnarizine, developed to fight Parkinson's disease and not yet available in the United States.
APS) wrongfully discharged a man who took Phenobarbital and Dilantin for his epilepsy and refused to submit to a drug test as required under the company's mandatory drug and alcohol testing policy.
These products vary in the conditions they treat (Humulin, diabetes; Mevacor, hyperlipidemia; Dilantin, epileptic seizures; Zantac, heartburn and acute gastrointestinal ulcers), whether they are used to treat chronic or acute conditions (Dilantin and Humulin relatively more chronic), and by their sales volume (Zantac and Mevacor top ten in 1994, Humulin and Dilantin lower in the list).