Dimini


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Dimini

 

a Late Neolithic settlement near the city of Volos in Thessaly, Greece. An acropolis, a unique remain of the Neolithic period in Greece, has been investigated (in 1901 and 1903 by the Greek archaeologists V. Staes and C. Tsuntas). The foundations of six or seven ovals of stone walls have been preserved atop a 16-m-high hill. In the central court and between the walls were dwellings called megara. Clay vessels were also found—cups and spherical amphorae, among others—decorated with brown painted or incised ornamentation, as well as stone and clay anthropomorphic-like figurines, polished stone wedgeshaped axes, and other objects. The entire Late Neolithic period in Greece is sometimes called the Dimini Period, although Dimini proper was only one phase of it in Thessaly (the first half of the fourth millennium B.C.). Some archaeologists believe the Dimini culture to have come from the more northern regions of the Balkan peninsula and from the Danube.

REFERENCES

Titov, V. S. Neolit Gretsii: Periodizatsiia i khronologiia. Moscow, 1969.
Tsuntas, C. Hai Proistorikai akropóleis Dimeniu kai Sesklu. Athens, 1908.
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Volos, Greece's third major port, is close to the archeological sites of Dimini and Sesklo, two of the most important Neolithic settlements in Europe.
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Proistorikai Akropoleis Diminiou kai Sesklou (The prehistoric Acropolis of Dimini and Sesklo).
Walls and ditches at Nea Nikomedia, Dimini and Sesklo may have defensive functions.
A re-examination of the nature and contexts of shell objects and manufacturing waste at Dimini, a key late Neolithic site on the coast of northern Greece, explores their social role within a Spondylus-working community.
The status of Dimini as a chronological typesite for the Greek Neolithic has diminished in recent years: the 'Classic Dimini' ceramic assemblage, probably dating to the early 5th millennium BC (Theochares 1973: 119; Weisshaar 1989: 139), now defines only the last of four or five subdivisions of the Late Neolithic of eastern Thessaly.
These studies perhaps imply that late Neolithic Dimini was a 'rank' society (Fried 1967), with the megaron elite having privileged access to high status, but not to basic resources.