Dmitri Shostakovich

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Shostakovich, Dmitri

(dyĭmē`trē shŏstŏkô`vĭch), 1906–75, Russian composer, b. St. Petersburg. Shostakovich studied at the Leningrad Conservatory (1919–25). The early success of his First Symphony (1925) was confirmed by positive public reaction to two satirical works of 1930—an opera, The Nose (Leningrad; from a tale by GogolGogol, Nikolai Vasilyevich
, 1809–52, Russian short-story writer, novelist, and playwright, sometimes considered the father of Russian realism. Of Ukrainian origin, he first won literary success with fanciful and romantic tales of his native Ukraine in
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), and a ballet, The Golden Age. Shostakovich sought Soviet approval and survived the changing tides of opinion. Severely castigated after Stalin saw a 1936 production of his popular opera Lady Macbeth of the Mzensk District (1934), he was restored to favor with his powerful, traditional, yet ironic Fifth Symphony (1937). From then on he concentrated on symphonic compositions, with later, post-Stalin symphonies tending to deconstruct the traditional Beethoven model (in all, he wrote 15 symphonies) and, during the World War II, on heroic cantatas. Influenced by MahlerMahler, Gustav
, 1860–1911, composer and conductor, born in Austrian Bohemia of Jewish parentage. Mahler studied at the Univ. of Vienna and the Vienna Conservatory.
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 in his monumental symphonies, many of which include choral portions, Shostakovich was basically a Russian nationalist composer whose work represented traditional classical forms and generally remained accessibly tonal. Nonethless, his tart harmonics and musical portrayal of pain and turmoil are distinctly 20th cent. in tone. His outstanding works include 15 string quartets, a piano concerto (1933), the Piano Quintet (1940), the Eighth Symphony (1943), 24 Preludes and Fugues for Piano (1951), and the 13th Symphony, "Babi Yar" (1962).

Bibliography

See Testimony: The Memoirs of Dmitri Shostakovich as Related to and Edited by Solomon Volkov (1979, repr. 2000); biographies by V. I. Seroff and N. K. Shohat (1970), E. Wilson (1994), and L. E. Fay (1999); study by N. F. Kay (1971); I. MacDonald, The New Shostakovich (1990); A. B. Ho and D. Feofanov, Shostakovich Reconsidered (1998); M. H. Brown, ed., A Shostakovich Casebook (2004); L. E. Fay, ed., Shostakovich and His World (2004); S. Moshevich, Dmitri Shostakovich, Pianist (2004); S. Volkov, Shostakovich and Stalin (2004); W. Lesser, Music for Silenced Voices: Shostakovich and The Fifteen Quartets (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, and most ingeniously, comes Dimitri Shostakovich, The Missing Symphony.
Galina Vishievskaia escribio en 1984, siete anos antes del colapso final de la URSS: "Si la conciencia humana de Rusia se esta liberando, una parte del credito debe otorgarse a Dimitri Shostakovich quien, de principio a fin de su carrera, convoco a todos con su musica a protestar contra el aplastamiento del individuo.
The score for the two-act ballet, by Dimitri Shostakovich, was originally written for the cinema.
Es celebre su entrevista con Andre Malraux (21 de mayo de 1972), pero encontramos la busqueda de Pablo Neruda desde 1949 (habria de conversar con el en 1961), de Frida Kahlo en 1952, de Jose Clemente Orozco en 1953, de Diego Rivera y Alfonso Reyes en 1956, de Carlos Chavez y Dimitri Shostakovich en 1959.
Un acercamiento al siglo XX a traves de la comprension del llamado arte de Euterpe, de la transicion del XIX hacia la todavia no totalmente desentranada contemporaneidad ("la postmodernidad de los todos visibles y ocultos", escribio Levi-Strauss), el siempre documentado Alex Ross nos ofrece la posibilidad de calibrar la aportacion artistica e intelectual de musicos de transformacion de la talla del austriaco Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), del nordico Jean Sibelius (1865-1957), de los alemanes Richard Strauss (1864-1949) o Arnold Schonberg (1874-1951), del frances Claude Debussy (1862-1918), de los rusos Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1953) o Dimitri Shostakovich (1906-1975), del ingles Benjamin Britten (1913-1976), o de los norteamericanos George Gershwin (1898-1937) o John Cage (1912-1992).
10 in A-flat by Dimitri Shostakovich, and String Quartet in F (the "American") by Anton'n Dvor[sz]k.
For more than 60 years, the Borodin Quartet has been known for its performances of music by Beethoven and Dimitri Shostakovich,
The program includes Gabriel Faure's `Dolly Suite' for piano, four-hands; a flute and bassoon duet; Samuel Barber's `Dover Beach' for baritone and strings; a Jacques Ibert wind quartet; a Ludwig van Beethoven duet for viola and cello; a Dimitri Shostakovich string quartet; an Alfred Desenclos saxophone quartet; and selections from wind quintets by Bernard Heiden and Malcolm Arnold.