Dimitrov, Georgi

Dimitrov, Georgi

(gĕôr`gē dĭmē`trŏf), 1882–1949, Bulgarian Communist leader. A revolutionary from boyhood, he was a leader in the 1923 Communist uprising against Alexander TsankovTsankov, Alexander
, 1879–1959, Bulgarian politician. A professor of political economy at the Univ. of Sofia, he was instrumental in the overthrow (1923) of the dictatorship of Alexander Stambuliski.
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. When it failed, he fled Bulgaria and continued to work for the Communist cause. In 1933 he was arrested in Berlin for alleged complicity in setting the ReichstagReichstag
[Ger.,=imperial parliament], name for the diet of the Holy Roman Empire, for the lower chamber of the federal parliament of the North German Confederation, and for the lower chamber of the federal parliament of Germany from 1871 to 1945.
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 on fire. Dimitrov's cool conduct of his defense and the accusations he directed at his prosecutors won him world renown. He was acquitted and went to the USSR, which conferred citizenship upon him. Dimitrov was secretary-general of the Comintern from 1934 until its dissolution in 1943. In 1944 he returned to Bulgaria to head the Communist party there, and in 1946 he succeeded Kimon Georgiev as premier. Dimitrov died in Moscow, where he was undergoing medical treatment.

Bibliography

See his The United Front (1938) and Selected Works (3 vol., 1972); J. D. Bell, The Bulgarian Communist Party from Blagoev to Zhivkov (1985).

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It has also been signed by Antonina Stoyanova, Mikhail Ivanov, Antonina Zhelyazkova, Simeon Angelov, Stefan Tafrov, Dimitar Ludzhev, Georgi Mishev, Georgi Velichkov, Petko Simeonov, Ivan Evlogiev, Kamen Velichkov, Iliana Sarauleva, Plamen Bogoev, Raina Karcheva, Georgi Popov, Stefan Dimitrov, Georgi Grozdev, Asparuh Panov Panova Hope and Dimitar Bonchev.