Dinamo Moscow Plant
Dinamo Moscow Plant
(full name, S. M. Kirov Dinamo Moscow Plant), one of the largest enterprises in the USSR for the manufacture of electrical machinery. It produces electric motors and equipment for electrified urban transportation, cranes and hoists, excavators, rolling mills, and oceangoing ships. Part of its production is exported.
The plant was established in 1897; it was owned by Western European firms. Electrical equipment was manufactured based on foreign technical specifications, using primitive methods. In 1903 a Bolshevik party organization, one of the oldest in Russia, was formed by the factory’s workers. The workers participated in the Revolution of 1905–07 and the October Revolution of 1917. Volunteers from Dinamo fought in the Civil War of 1918–20; they took part in the battle of Tsaritsyn as members of the Rogozhsko-Simonovskii regiment. On Nov. 7, 1921, V. I. Lenin spoke at a meeting of the plant’s workers. In 1929 the staff organized a sovkhoz in Volgograd Oblast named for the Dinamo Plant. In 1932 the first Soviet-made Vladimir Lenin mainline electric locomotive was built. During the Great Patriotic War (1941–45) the plant manufactured arms and did repair work on tanks.
The main technological processes at the Dinamo Plant are mechanized and automated. More than 100 conveyor lines and flow production lines are in operation; their total length exceeds 3.5 km. Between 1960 and 1973, production was increased by a factor of 2.5. The staff of the plant is active in socialist emulation. In 1972 staff-originated plans for increasing labor efficiency were adopted and implemented; such plans were widely supported by many of the country’s industrial enterprises.
The Dinamo Plant has been awarded the Order of Lenin (1943), the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1947), and the Order of the October Revolution (1971).
REFERENCEIstoriia zavoda “Dinamo,” books 1–3. Moscow, 1961–73.
N. P. ZVEREV