Chlorobenzene

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chlorobenzene

[‚klȯr·ō′ben‚zēn]
(organic chemistry)
C6H5Cl A colorless, mobile, volatile liquid with an almondlike odor; used to produce phenol, DDT, and aniline.

Chlorobenzene

 

a colorless liquid, with a characteristic odor and a boiling point of 131.7°C. Chlorobenzene is practically insoluble in water but is soluble in many organic solvents.

In industry chlorobenzene is produced by the catalytic chlorination of benzene, carried out at 75°–85°C using metallic iron as the catalyst. It is used in the production of phenol, 4,4′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), and intermediate products during the synthesis of dyes. It is also used as a solvent in laboratory work.