Diodorus Siculus

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Diodorus Siculus

(dīədôr`əs sĭk`yo͞oləs), d. after 21 B.C., Sicilian historian. He wrote, in Greek, a world history in 40 books, ending with Caesar's Gallic Wars. Fully preserved are Books I–V and XI–XX, which cover Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Indian, Scythian, Arabian, and North African history and parts of Greek and Roman history. The history, which is a compilation of other sources, is often repetitive and contradictory. Historians generally regard it as uncritical and unreliable. It is valuable, however, as a source for the lost works of earlier authors, from whom he borrowed freely, and for his chronological lists of prominent figures from the 5th cent. to 302 B.C.

Diodorus Siculus

 

Born circa 90 B.C. in Agyrium, Sicily; died 21 B.C. Ancient Greek historian.

Diodorus was the author of the 40-volume work The Historical Library, of which only volumes 1-5 and 11-20 and fragments of the remaining volumes have survived. This work presents a synchronous account of the history of the ancient East, Greece, the Hellenistic states, and Rome from legendary times to the middle of the first century B.C. Even though Diodorus’ works are mere compilations, and chronologically inaccurate, they have a certain value owing to their use of several sources lost in ancient times. Of particular interest is the information on the classical period of Greek history, the description of the reigns of the emperors Philip II and Alexander the Great, and the reports of the slave uprisings in Sicily in the second century B.C.

WORKS

Diodori Bibliotheca historica, vols. 1-5. Edited by J. Teubner. Leipzig, 1888-1906.
In Russian translation:
In Istoricheskaia biblioteka, vols. 1-6. St. Petersburg, 1774-75.
References in classic literature ?
I then questioned the Mummy about burning-glasses and lenses, and, in general, about the manufacture of glass; but I had not made an end of my queries before the silent member again touched me quietly on the elbow, and begged me for God's sake to take a peep at Diodorus Siculus.
Diodorus Siculus, a Greek historian of the first century BC, is known for writing a monumental universal history, Historical Library.
The primary sources for our study of Phoenicia have traditionally been Josephus and Menander of Ephesus (who quote extinct "Annals of Tyre"), the Old Testament, and the Greek and Roman historians Herodotus, Xenophon, Diodorus Siculus, Arrian, Eusebius of Caesarea, and Philo of Byblos.
Similarly, a "passage in Diodorus mentions Prometheus as the inventor of the flint-stone--an euhemeristic explanation of the myth.
Until the fourth century, sects of Christians (early on, the Ebionites, and later, the School of Antioch, most importantly Diodorus of Tarsus and Nestorius) believed that Jesus was the biological son of Mary and Joseph and the adopted son of God.
What is critically important for our readers to understand is that Firmin's Ethiopian or Nubian assessment for the racial origins of the ancient Egyptian (Kemetic) people is historically accurate, and has been the valid and viable opinion of eyewitness observers and writers since the time of the classical Greek chroniclers Herodotus, Diodorus and Aristotle.
The view that ancient Egyptians were Black was held by leading ancient historians such as Pliny, Strabo, Diodorus, Tacitus and the venerated Herodotus himself.
The Ambassador to Belgium and the European Union (EU), Diodorus Kamala, said that there would be a working session in Brussels to put in place an action plan to guide the transformation of Tanzania ports into food ports.
during the lapse of 18 centuries; and if we allow for that polish which the progress of society naturally produces on individuals, we shall see the present inhabitant of Merioneth and Carnarvonshire, as well pourtrayed by Diodorus, Caesar, Strabo, and Livy, as if they had taken the likeness in these days.
Diodorus Siculus Bibliotheca Historica (Loeb Classical Library).
The text is accompanied by an introduction, chronology, a note on the Persian Wars, and seven new maps in this edition, along with background texts by Aeschylus, Bacchylides, Thucydides, Aristotle, and Plutarch, and a new selection from the tract "Air, Waters, Places" attributed to the School of Hippocrates and contrasting accounts by Diodorus and Strabo of the Amazons.
Another Greek historian, Diodorus Siculus, describes an example of swift justice for the killer of a cat.