On the other hand, Diodotus argues that the Athenians should punish only those guilty of instigating and participating in the rebellion.
What is noteworthy about this account is that it underlines that Diodotus was right--someone in Melos did betray the city.
161) Although there is something to be said for the view that Diodotus
practices esoteric altruism in the Mytilene Debate, this is not the place to say it; naturally Strauss cannot do so at Strauss, City and Man, 231-6, although he is evidently aware of the relevant facts.
After a paraphrase of the speeches of Cleon and Diodotus
concerning the fate of the Mytileneans (3.
By examining Thucydides' extensive, but too often ignored, accounts of the Spartan regime, the statesmen Pericles, Brasidas, Hermocrates, Nicias, and Alcibiades, the Corcyrean civil war, and the debate between Cleon and Diodotus
, this volume reminds us not only that there is much more to Thucydides' thought than the frequently excerpted arguments presented in the Melian Dialogue, but that one cannot even adequately understand those justly famous arguments without a comprehensive study of the rest of the book.
Orwin finds other proponents of the "Athenian thesis," such as Hermocrates of Syracuse, in his 424 speech at Gela, and Diodotus
, the opponent of Cleon in the Mytilenian debate in 427.
The Athenians are ultimately persuaded not to kill the Mytilenians by an argument forwarded by an Athenian, namely Diodotus.
By arguing for a moderate policy on the basis of expediency, Diodotus explicates a view that coheres remarkably with the view that Strauss has attributed to Thucydides.