Diogenes


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Diogenes

(dīŏj`ənēz), c.412–323 B.C., Greek Cynic philosopher; pupil of Antisthenes. He was born in Sinope and lived in Athens. He taught that the virtuous life is the simple life, and he dramatically discarded conventional comforts, living in a tub. He is said to have thrown away his last utensil, a cup, when he saw a peasant drink from his hands. When Alexander the Great asked what he might do for him, Diogenes said, "Only step out of my sunlight." His daylight quest with a lantern "for an honest man" was probably the most striking expression of his contempt for his generation.

Diogenes

 

Born circa 404 B.C.; died circa 323 B.C. Ancient Greek philosopher.

A disciple of Antisthenes, the founder of the school of Cynics, Diogenes developed the master’s doctrine along the lines of a naive materialism. He rejected civilization, particularly the state; declared culture to be an act of violence against human nature; and demanded that man return to a primitive condition. Diogenes declared himself to be a citizen of the world and advocated a communality of wives and children. He carried his indifference to morality and societal life to the point of complete equanimity to any of the inconveniences of life. According to apocryphal anecdotes Diogenes used to live in a tub, and, when Alexander the Great asked what Diogenes would like from him, he answered, “Move away and don’t block my sunlight.” Diogenes criticized Plato’s doctrine of ideas from the point of view of an extreme sensualism, recognizing only the particular. Together with the Sophists he also propounded the contradictions between natural endowment and human institutions. Diogenes rejected polytheism and religious cults as arbitrary human institutions, and he acknowledged only ascetic virtue, based on an imitation of nature. In this he found man’s sole purpose.

REFERENCES

I. K. [Korsunskii]. Izrecheniia drevneishikh grecheskikh myslitelei. Kharkov, 1887. Pages 199-225.
Biriukov, P. I. Grecheskii mudrets Diogen, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1910.
Gomperts, G. Grecheskie mysliteli, vol. 2. St. Petersburg, 1913. Pages 103-28.
Fritz, K. Quellen-Untersuchungen zu Leben und Philosophie des Diogenes von Sinope. Leipzig, 1928.
Sayre, F. Diogenes of Sinope. Baltimore, 1938.

A. F. LOSEV

Diogenes

(412–323 B. C.) despised worldly possessions; made his home in a tub. [Gk. Hist.: Hall, 104]

Diogenes

(412–323 B.C.) frustratedly looked everywhere for an honest man. [Gk. Hist.: Avery, 395]

Diogenes

Dr. Blimber’s clumsy dog. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
See: Dogs

Diogenes

(c. 412–323 B.C.) philosopher; fabled lantern-carrying searcher for an honest man. [Gk. Hist.: Hall, 104]
See: Honesty

Diogenes

?412--?323 bc, Greek Cynic philosopher, who rejected social conventions and advocated self-sufficiency and simplicity of life
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In this reference on Windows Server 2012 Security the authors Shindler, Shindler, and Diogenes, all with strong backgrounds in Windows network security in academia and private industry, attempt to cover the full range of security issues that affect the Windows network environment.
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What a pity that IDS does not possess a fraction of the empathy of Alexander the Great, who appreciated the value and wisdom of even the homeless philosopher, Diogenes of Sinope and stated that: "were I not Alexander, I would (want to) be Diogenes".
Take, for example, Diogenes of Sinope (known in his time as Diogenes the Dog).
Before you talk to me about Diogenes let''s take a moment to filter what you''re going to say.
He sets about his task by choosing an eclectic group of 12 philosophers-Socrates, Plato, Diogenes, Aristotle, Seneca, Augustine, Montaigne, Descartes, Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Nietzsche--and composing a combination of biography and summary of their philosophy for each of them.
Moreover, David Wootton and a handful of dissenters within the historical profession (including this reviewer) have persistently argued that, on this point at the very least, Strauss was correct--that there was an undercurrent of unbelief in Europe throughout the Renaissance and the early modern period, and that it was inspired in part by the works of the Arab falasife and by the reappearance in the fifteenth century of Lucretius' De rerum natura and of Diogenes Laertius' Lives of Eminent Philosophers.
The Diogenes study was designed to assess the efficacy of five different maintenance diets in preventing weight regain after obese subjects lost at least 8% of their body weight during an 8-week low-calorie diet.