Diogenes


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Diogenes

(dīŏj`ənēz), c.412–323 B.C., Greek Cynic philosopher; pupil of Antisthenes. He was born in Sinope and lived in Athens. He taught that the virtuous life is the simple life, and he dramatically discarded conventional comforts, living in a tub. He is said to have thrown away his last utensil, a cup, when he saw a peasant drink from his hands. When Alexander the Great asked what he might do for him, Diogenes said, "Only step out of my sunlight." His daylight quest with a lantern "for an honest man" was probably the most striking expression of his contempt for his generation.

Diogenes

 

Born circa 404 B.C.; died circa 323 B.C. Ancient Greek philosopher.

A disciple of Antisthenes, the founder of the school of Cynics, Diogenes developed the master’s doctrine along the lines of a naive materialism. He rejected civilization, particularly the state; declared culture to be an act of violence against human nature; and demanded that man return to a primitive condition. Diogenes declared himself to be a citizen of the world and advocated a communality of wives and children. He carried his indifference to morality and societal life to the point of complete equanimity to any of the inconveniences of life. According to apocryphal anecdotes Diogenes used to live in a tub, and, when Alexander the Great asked what Diogenes would like from him, he answered, “Move away and don’t block my sunlight.” Diogenes criticized Plato’s doctrine of ideas from the point of view of an extreme sensualism, recognizing only the particular. Together with the Sophists he also propounded the contradictions between natural endowment and human institutions. Diogenes rejected polytheism and religious cults as arbitrary human institutions, and he acknowledged only ascetic virtue, based on an imitation of nature. In this he found man’s sole purpose.

REFERENCES

I. K. [Korsunskii]. Izrecheniia drevneishikh grecheskikh myslitelei. Kharkov, 1887. Pages 199-225.
Biriukov, P. I. Grecheskii mudrets Diogen, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1910.
Gomperts, G. Grecheskie mysliteli, vol. 2. St. Petersburg, 1913. Pages 103-28.
Fritz, K. Quellen-Untersuchungen zu Leben und Philosophie des Diogenes von Sinope. Leipzig, 1928.
Sayre, F. Diogenes of Sinope. Baltimore, 1938.

A. F. LOSEV

Diogenes

(412–323 B. C.) despised worldly possessions; made his home in a tub. [Gk. Hist.: Hall, 104]

Diogenes

(412–323 B.C.) frustratedly looked everywhere for an honest man. [Gk. Hist.: Avery, 395]

Diogenes

Dr. Blimber’s clumsy dog. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
See: Dogs

Diogenes

(c. 412–323 B.C.) philosopher; fabled lantern-carrying searcher for an honest man. [Gk. Hist.: Hall, 104]
See: Honesty

Diogenes

?412--?323 bc, Greek Cynic philosopher, who rejected social conventions and advocated self-sufficiency and simplicity of life
References in periodicals archive ?
The best known Diogenes story is the one when he was sunning himself outside a barrel that was his home when Alexander the Great came to visit, stood in front of Diogenes and offered to fulfil any wish the old the curmudgeon would care to name.
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Origenes comparara la pobreza de Jesucristo con la de Diogenes de Sinope.
But Diogenes, certainly, was more outspoken in his quality of Cynic, when Alexander asked him to name anything he wanted: 'Just now' said he, 'stand a bit away from the sun.
Thus when Menage finally receives the completed new edition of his Diogenes a few months before his death, there is a palpable sense of achievement.
Electronic data vaulting is an area generating a surprising amount of interest among SMB organizations," according to Phil Goodwin, president of Diogenes Analytical Laborato-ries, one of a number of market observers who believe SneakerNets are on the decline.
Diogenes is said to have wandered throughout ancient Greece carrying a lantern and searching for an honest man.
Diogenes believed that people were fair and just only to the extent necessary to obey rules and laws.
This is a transcription of Jean d'Ormesson's speech at UNESCO at the 50th anniversary celebrations of Diogenes in 2003.
Su nombre cientifico, Diogenes pugilator, esta inspirado tambien en el habito de ocupar conchas marinas vacias, y alude al filosofo griego Diogenes, quien dormia no en casas, sino en toneles abandonados; el adjetivo pugilator, por su parte, se refiere al reflejo condicionado del crustaceo, proclive a pelear con sus congeneres.
Since eclecticism is important (given the multifarious manifestations of ideas in different cultural realms), in chapter 2 he begins in late antiquity, with Diogenes Laertius and the doxographical model of treating the development of ideas through their exponents.
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