Diogenes


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Diogenes

(dīŏj`ənēz), c.412–323 B.C., Greek Cynic philosopher; pupil of Antisthenes. He was born in Sinope and lived in Athens. He taught that the virtuous life is the simple life, and he dramatically discarded conventional comforts, living in a tub. He is said to have thrown away his last utensil, a cup, when he saw a peasant drink from his hands. When Alexander the Great asked what he might do for him, Diogenes said, "Only step out of my sunlight." His daylight quest with a lantern "for an honest man" was probably the most striking expression of his contempt for his generation.

Diogenes

 

Born circa 404 B.C.; died circa 323 B.C. Ancient Greek philosopher.

A disciple of Antisthenes, the founder of the school of Cynics, Diogenes developed the master’s doctrine along the lines of a naive materialism. He rejected civilization, particularly the state; declared culture to be an act of violence against human nature; and demanded that man return to a primitive condition. Diogenes declared himself to be a citizen of the world and advocated a communality of wives and children. He carried his indifference to morality and societal life to the point of complete equanimity to any of the inconveniences of life. According to apocryphal anecdotes Diogenes used to live in a tub, and, when Alexander the Great asked what Diogenes would like from him, he answered, “Move away and don’t block my sunlight.” Diogenes criticized Plato’s doctrine of ideas from the point of view of an extreme sensualism, recognizing only the particular. Together with the Sophists he also propounded the contradictions between natural endowment and human institutions. Diogenes rejected polytheism and religious cults as arbitrary human institutions, and he acknowledged only ascetic virtue, based on an imitation of nature. In this he found man’s sole purpose.

REFERENCES

I. K. [Korsunskii]. Izrecheniia drevneishikh grecheskikh myslitelei. Kharkov, 1887. Pages 199-225.
Biriukov, P. I. Grecheskii mudrets Diogen, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1910.
Gomperts, G. Grecheskie mysliteli, vol. 2. St. Petersburg, 1913. Pages 103-28.
Fritz, K. Quellen-Untersuchungen zu Leben und Philosophie des Diogenes von Sinope. Leipzig, 1928.
Sayre, F. Diogenes of Sinope. Baltimore, 1938.

A. F. LOSEV

Diogenes

(412–323 B. C.) despised worldly possessions; made his home in a tub. [Gk. Hist.: Hall, 104]

Diogenes

(412–323 B.C.) frustratedly looked everywhere for an honest man. [Gk. Hist.: Avery, 395]

Diogenes

Dr. Blimber’s clumsy dog. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
See: Dogs

Diogenes

(c. 412–323 B.C.) philosopher; fabled lantern-carrying searcher for an honest man. [Gk. Hist.: Hall, 104]
See: Honesty

Diogenes

?412--?323 bc, Greek Cynic philosopher, who rejected social conventions and advocated self-sufficiency and simplicity of life
References in periodicals archive ?
Los sofistas, es sabido, ya habian extremado el enrevesamiento del lenguaje y explorado sus posibilidades como arma de persuasion, pero Diogenes es casi lacaniano, anacronismo mediante, al enfatizar el vinculo entre lenguaje y malentendido; mediante una serie de retruecanos basados en homofonias, ambiguedades semanticas, connotaciones y falsas etimologias, entre otros, Diogenes se las arregla para violentar el principio de economia que rige todo codigo linguistico y que posibilita la formacion de mensajes con sentido.
A continuacion resenare las caracteristicas mas sobresalientes del cinismo propuesto por Diogenes el Perro, las cuales me permitiran establecer la relacion entre el cinismo y la estrategia retorica que usa Vallejo para "cobrar[le] cuentas" a la puta de Babilonia ([TEXTO IRREPRODUCIBLE EN ASCII.
Los historiadores antiguos, como Tomas de Fliunte, o el propio Diogenes Laercio, describen a los seguidores de estos filosofos como "una banda de proletarios", o bien como "harapientos" (1), apariencia que exageraban y hacian ostensible, como modo de rechazo a lo establecido, exhibiendo apenas ropa y resaltando los rotos con bordados en oro.
Word filtered to Diogenes of this woman, quiet for years, who'd
Igualmente, con Diogenes podemos comprender que la tan dificultosa separacion entre civilizacion y naturaleza que la modernidad logro como un resultado del proceso civilizador resulta al menos cuestionable.
The article questions some scholarly assumptions about the famous anecdote on the meeting between Alexander and Diogenes the Cynic.
By 1680 the two were planning a new edition of Menage's commentary on the Lives of Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laertius, a much more ambitious project which required the involvement not only of a colleague capable of making a new Latin translation of Diogenes' Greek text (the brilliant but wayward Marcus Meibomius) but also of assistants to compile the index and correct the proofs and , not least, of an experienced and technically competent scholar-publisher.
Finding a union label in a clothing store or Wal-Mart is a search even Diogenes would abandon.
I felt like Diogenes walking around holding up the lantern to anyone who needed a home for the night.
This novel takes up where Dance of Death leaves off, with Pendergast incarcerated in a federal prison for crimes committed by his equally gifted but pathologically twisted brother, Diogenes.
The last part of their scientific name, Cambarus diogenes, honors the Greek philosopher Diogenes, who took to living in a tub.
When the Greek philosopher Diogenes was asked what country he was from, he replied, "I am a citizen of the world.