Diomede Islands


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Related to Diomede Islands: St Lawrence Island

Diomede Islands

(dī`əmēd), pair of rocky islands in Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. The larger island, Big Diomede, is Russian, while the smaller is part of Alaska. At 2 mi (3 km) apart, the Diomedes represent the closest approach of U.S. and Russian land masses. The first European explorer to the islands was the Danish Vitus BeringBering, Vitus Jonassen
, 1681–1741, Danish explorer in Russian employ. In 1725 he was selected by Peter I to explore far NE Siberia. Having finally moved men and supplies across Siberia, Bering in 1728 sailed N through Bering Strait but sighted no land and did not
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 in 1728.

Diomede Islands

 

(Gvozdev Islands), two islands and rocks in the Bering Strait. The western island, Ratmanov Island (with an area of approximately 10 sq km), belongs to the USSR; the eastern island, Little Diomede (Krusenstern) Island, and Fairway Rock belong to the USA. In 1728 one of the islands was discovered by V. Bering’s expedition. In 1732 the Diomede Islands were put on the map by I. Fedorov and M. S. Gvozdev.

References in periodicals archive ?
The tunnel would utilize Little Diomede Island and Big Diomede Island with shafts to be sunk into each island.
The arches, with a common footing on the Diomede Islands in the center of the strait, apparently fail only when ice flux switches northward.
The peninsula's Cape Prince of Wales is the westernmost point on the North American mainland, with the Diomede Islands anchored some 25 miles off the coast in the Bering Sea.
In 1728, Vitus Bering became the first Westerner to make contact with area Natives when he discovered the Diomede Islands off Alaska's west coast.