Dionysius

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Dionysius,

king of Portugal: see DinizDiniz,
Port. Dinis , 1261–1325, king of Portugal (1279–1325), son and successor of Alfonso III. Like his grandfather, Alfonso X of Castile, whose legal works he had translated into Portuguese, Diniz was a poet and a patron of literature.
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Dionysius

 

in Syracuse.

Dionysius I the Elder. Born circa 432 B.C. in Syracuse; died there circa 367. Tyrant beginning in 406. After advancing his career as the leader of a detachment of mercenaries during the war against Carthage (408-405), Dionysius I seized power, retaining the national assembly and the council for demogogic purposes. He relied on the mercenary army, the new aristocracy of officials, and to some degree on the strata of tradespeople, artisans, and the poor. He pursued a policy of conquest in the territories of Sicily, Corsica, and Italy. Dionysius I the Elder enjoyed the support of reactionary elements throughout Greece, and he rendered assistance, for example, to Sparta in its struggle against the Boeotian League. During his reign Syracuse was transformed into a major cultural center. Dionysius I was the author of a number of tragedies, poems, and songs.

Dionysius II the Younger. Years of birth and death unknown. Tyrant from 367 to 357 and 346 to 344 B.C. Eldest son of Dionysius I. Like his father, Dionysius II considered the army his chief support, and after becoming tyrant he created a strong and large army. By declaring an amnesty, abolishing taxes for three years, and implementing other measures, he won the poor people over to his side. Around 357 he waged a war in southern Italy against the Greek cities of Rhegium and Caulonia and against the Lucanians. At this time, power in Syracuse was seized by Dion, a relative of Dionysius II. However, in 346, Dionysius II regained power in Syracuse. In 344, besieged by Hiketas, the ruler of the city of Leontini, and the Corinthian general Timoleon, he surrendered the fortress to Timokon. Dionysius II was exiled to Corinth, where he became a priest of the goddess Cybele and died in extreme poverty.

REFERENCES

Frolov, E. D. “Vystuplenie i prikhod k vlasti Dionisiia Starshego.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1971, no. 3.
Stroheker, K. Dionysios I: Gestalt und Geschichte des Tyrannen von Syrakus. Wiesbaden, 1958.

S. S. SOLOV’EVA

Dionysius

called the Elder. ?430--367 bc, tyrant of Syracuse (405--367), noted for his successful campaigns against Carthage and S Italy
References in periodicals archive ?
20) Dionisios ha llegado a Tebas procedente de Lidia, su capital Sardes se encuentra circundada por la cadena montanosa de Tmolo, en cuyas laderas se producen vides de dionisiaco vino de resolana.
Dionisios es un dios democratico, no necesita sacerdotes intermediarios como Apolo.
Venid, bacantes, acudid con la delicadeza De las aureas corrientes del Tmolo (20), Bailadle a Dionisio al son de los sagrados redobles del tambor Al dios del evohe,
De La diosa madre lo obtuvieron los satiros alocados Y su uso introdujeron en las danzas de las fiestas Bienales que a Dionisio placen.
El mitema de la armonia cosmica y la violencia baquica no son excluyentes; dentro de los variados mitemas de Dionisio se encuentra el de la muerte y el renacer; en este sentido, la violencia de las bacantes hacia Penteo se justifica por ser este un agente desarmonizador del cosmos; es por ello que Penteo debe morir, solo a traves de su muerte se puede establecer un nuevo orden (establecer el culto a Dionisio) y lograr asi la armonia cosmica; en Dionisio, vida y muerte son parte de una dialectica, ambos principios son parte del imaginario dual.