Dionysius

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Dionysius,

king of Portugal: see DinizDiniz,
Port. Dinis , 1261–1325, king of Portugal (1279–1325), son and successor of Alfonso III. Like his grandfather, Alfonso X of Castile, whose legal works he had translated into Portuguese, Diniz was a poet and a patron of literature.
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Dionysius

 

in Syracuse.

Dionysius I the Elder. Born circa 432 B.C. in Syracuse; died there circa 367. Tyrant beginning in 406. After advancing his career as the leader of a detachment of mercenaries during the war against Carthage (408-405), Dionysius I seized power, retaining the national assembly and the council for demogogic purposes. He relied on the mercenary army, the new aristocracy of officials, and to some degree on the strata of tradespeople, artisans, and the poor. He pursued a policy of conquest in the territories of Sicily, Corsica, and Italy. Dionysius I the Elder enjoyed the support of reactionary elements throughout Greece, and he rendered assistance, for example, to Sparta in its struggle against the Boeotian League. During his reign Syracuse was transformed into a major cultural center. Dionysius I was the author of a number of tragedies, poems, and songs.

Dionysius II the Younger. Years of birth and death unknown. Tyrant from 367 to 357 and 346 to 344 B.C. Eldest son of Dionysius I. Like his father, Dionysius II considered the army his chief support, and after becoming tyrant he created a strong and large army. By declaring an amnesty, abolishing taxes for three years, and implementing other measures, he won the poor people over to his side. Around 357 he waged a war in southern Italy against the Greek cities of Rhegium and Caulonia and against the Lucanians. At this time, power in Syracuse was seized by Dion, a relative of Dionysius II. However, in 346, Dionysius II regained power in Syracuse. In 344, besieged by Hiketas, the ruler of the city of Leontini, and the Corinthian general Timoleon, he surrendered the fortress to Timokon. Dionysius II was exiled to Corinth, where he became a priest of the goddess Cybele and died in extreme poverty.

REFERENCES

Frolov, E. D. “Vystuplenie i prikhod k vlasti Dionisiia Starshego.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1971, no. 3.
Stroheker, K. Dionysios I: Gestalt und Geschichte des Tyrannen von Syrakus. Wiesbaden, 1958.

S. S. SOLOV’EVA

Dionysius

called the Elder. ?430--367 bc, tyrant of Syracuse (405--367), noted for his successful campaigns against Carthage and S Italy
References in periodicals archive ?
Dionysios won two awards for best picture and best film at the 2005 Vienna Independent Shorts festival for his short film Fake Words.
In many cultures inebriation has been seen as a divinatory stage; it is not unlikely that Dionysios or some god with duties like his - Indo-European or not - may have been worshipped in Scandinavia already at an early time.
Willard, Josephine Lazarus, Prince Chandradat Chudhadharn, and Bishop Dionysios Latas.
These projects include; connecting and enhancing the squares ofOctober28, Kosti Palama and Dionysios Solomos, the expansion of Paphos police station, an additional floor for court, a project to connect archaeological sites, the improvement of the museum, and the construction of breakwaters at a notoriously deadly stretch of coastline close to the Venus Beach.
Del Monte Fresh Guac starts with fresh Haas avocados that we blend with only the best fresh ingredients, nothing artificial, no dehydrated ingredients, no preservatives," says Dionysios Christou, vice president of marketing for Coral Gables, Fla.
The Memorandum was signed by Malas, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Health Dionysios Mavronicholas, Executive Director of the Makarios Hospital Petros Matsas, Baker and Pediatric Liver Specialist Babu Vadalayan.
wenn Kallirhoe als Sklavin an Dionysios verkauft wird und ihr ihr voriges Leben wie ein unwirklicher 'Traum und ein Mythos' erscheint (2,5,7: [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]); oder wenn der persische Konig Artaxerxes, bevor er Kallirhoe sieht, vom Gott Eros nur aus 'Mythen und Gedichten' gehort hat (6,3,2: [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), nun aber seine Gewalt am eigenen Leib erfahrt.
27) Canon 2 of the letter of Dionysios of Alexandria to Bishop Basilides reads, "Menstruous women should not come to the Holy Table or touch the body and blood of Christ, nor go to churches, but pray somewhere else.
Battaly, * Dionysios Liveris, ([dagger]) Richard C.
Neither the world of Odysseus nor the world of Hesiod would find the Demaratos of Dionysios of Halikarnassos (Roman Antiquities 3.
Other projects include; connecting and enhancing the squares ofOctober28, Kosti Palama and Dionysios Solomos, surrounding Paphos town hall, the expansion of Paphos police station, an additional floor for Paphos court, a project to join together Paphos archaeological sites, the improvement of Paphos archaeological museum, and the construction of breakwaters at a notoriously deadly stretch of coastline close to the Venus Beach hotel.
Canada's participation and Canadian consumer engagement far exceeded our expectations," says Dionysios Christou, vice president of marketing.