Dionysius

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Dionysius,

king of Portugal: see DinizDiniz,
Port. Dinis , 1261–1325, king of Portugal (1279–1325), son and successor of Alfonso III. Like his grandfather, Alfonso X of Castile, whose legal works he had translated into Portuguese, Diniz was a poet and a patron of literature.
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Dionysius

 

in Syracuse.

Dionysius I the Elder. Born circa 432 B.C. in Syracuse; died there circa 367. Tyrant beginning in 406. After advancing his career as the leader of a detachment of mercenaries during the war against Carthage (408-405), Dionysius I seized power, retaining the national assembly and the council for demogogic purposes. He relied on the mercenary army, the new aristocracy of officials, and to some degree on the strata of tradespeople, artisans, and the poor. He pursued a policy of conquest in the territories of Sicily, Corsica, and Italy. Dionysius I the Elder enjoyed the support of reactionary elements throughout Greece, and he rendered assistance, for example, to Sparta in its struggle against the Boeotian League. During his reign Syracuse was transformed into a major cultural center. Dionysius I was the author of a number of tragedies, poems, and songs.

Dionysius II the Younger. Years of birth and death unknown. Tyrant from 367 to 357 and 346 to 344 B.C. Eldest son of Dionysius I. Like his father, Dionysius II considered the army his chief support, and after becoming tyrant he created a strong and large army. By declaring an amnesty, abolishing taxes for three years, and implementing other measures, he won the poor people over to his side. Around 357 he waged a war in southern Italy against the Greek cities of Rhegium and Caulonia and against the Lucanians. At this time, power in Syracuse was seized by Dion, a relative of Dionysius II. However, in 346, Dionysius II regained power in Syracuse. In 344, besieged by Hiketas, the ruler of the city of Leontini, and the Corinthian general Timoleon, he surrendered the fortress to Timokon. Dionysius II was exiled to Corinth, where he became a priest of the goddess Cybele and died in extreme poverty.

REFERENCES

Frolov, E. D. “Vystuplenie i prikhod k vlasti Dionisiia Starshego.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1971, no. 3.
Stroheker, K. Dionysios I: Gestalt und Geschichte des Tyrannen von Syrakus. Wiesbaden, 1958.

S. S. SOLOV’EVA

Dionysius

called the Elder. ?430--367 bc, tyrant of Syracuse (405--367), noted for his successful campaigns against Carthage and S Italy
References in periodicals archive ?
8) Dionysios the Areopagite, On the Divine Names, PG 3, 872 A.
Alexander the Great and Dionysios in India: The Greek Interaction with Early Indian Buddhist Art.
Dionysios, who grew up in Athens, Greece, came to Coventry in 2000.
Together, these three will generate a cultural current that Endre von Ivanka names the early intellectual Byzantine life, after Constantine, Nice and Athanasius, but before Justinian, Dionysios and iconoclasm (15).
Subsequent patriarchs--Joachim IV (1884-86), Dionysios V (1887-91), and Constantine V (1897-1907)--were less sympathetic to Russian interests, choosing not to consult St.
The tickets are good for three days and also allow entry to the neighboring Theater of Dionysios and the Acropolis Museum.
Dionysios Kykkotis, chief priest of the most important church in Nicosia, then stepped forward and "declared revolution.
afzelii strain Ip-21, Dionysios Liveris for providing the A.
Dionysios the Areopagite: Travlos and Frantz 1965, p.
When the cult statue of Athena was removed at last from the Parthenon in the fifth century, the head of the Neoplatonic Academy, whose house is now underneath Dionysios the Areopagite street, dreamed that Athena appeared to him and told him that since she had been ousted from her house, she must now move in with him.
by the subtlety with which the painter has availed himself of the sparse elbow-room for private inspiration that the formulae of Byzantine iconography allow him: a convention so strict that it was finally codified by a sixteenth-century painter-monk called Dionysios of Phourna.
Nor did he hesitate to visit the imprisoned Polish Metropolitan Dionysios.