Diospyros


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persimmon

persimmon

This healthy fruit can be eaten like an apple. Very easy to grow, never has insects, fruits never gets wormy and is very prolific. This is a nocare plant. You can get a tremendous crop of persimmons from one plant. Grows all over from tropics to up north. Eat them fresh, make smoothies, add to salads etc. One of the most popular fruit in China and Japan. Wait till the fruit turns a bright orange and becomes soft to an almost pudding consistency. You can eat it fresh like an apple, dry it, , puree it, freeze it for winter time. Adding cinnamon or nutmeg makes it taste like pumpkin pie. Grows to 50 ft tree. Flowers greenish yellow. Fruits round like plums. Plant is quite astringent, so its good for stopping heavy menses and other bleeding problems. Inner bark tea used for stomach and bowel problems, cancer. Fruit is astringent, used for constipation, gastro-intestinal irritation, dysentery, chronic diarrhea, ulcers and problems of the bowel, rectum and stomach, helps stop bleeding. Persimmon leaf tea is anti-hypertensive, anticarcinogenic, and anti-mutagenic properties, anti-hemorrhagic (stops bleeding), good for hemorrhoids, strengthens weak blood vessels such as spider veins or varicose veins. Used for allergies, hay fever, dermatitis. Compounds in leaves bind to excess fat and help remove fat from the body.

Diospyros

 

(persimmon), a genus of subtropical and tropical deciduous plants of the family Ebenaceae. The trees or shrubs have simple evergreen or deciduous leaves and fleshy two- to ten-seeded berries. The plants are distributed mainly in Southwest Asia. There are about 200 species; three occur in the USSR. The date plum (D. lotus) is a tree reaching 16 m in height. Its entire, elongate leaves are dark green above and shiny. The tiny axillary flowers are dioecious or polygamous. The fruits, which reach 2 cm in diameter, are round, yellow-orange, and edible. In dried form they contain more than 40 percent sugar and 0.5 percent malic acid. A tree may yield as much as 80 kg of fruit. The date plum is a good stock for the Japanese persimmon (D. kaki). In the USSR the tree grows wild and is cultivated in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. The common persimmon (D. virginiana) is a dioecious tree measuring 20–25 m tall. The ovate or oval leaves are 8–14 cm long; they are shiny above and dark green. The flowers are unisexual, small, and colorless. The very tasty spherical or conical fruits are 2–5 cm in diameter and weigh up to 25 g; they are yellow with a red cheek. Their content includes 40 percent sugar, 0.88 percent protein, and 0.5 percent malic acid. The fruits are used in fresh form (after complete ripening), in processed form as jam and alcohol, and in dried form. The yield is up to 300 kg per tree. The wood is used for furniture and musical instruments. The common persimmon can tolerate temperatures as low as –30°C for short periods of time.

The most commonly cultivated species is the Japanese persimmon, a dioecious or monoecious tree 8–12 m tall. The large alternate leaves are oval, dark green, leathery, and pubescent beneath; they turn red before falling. The staminate flowers are small and in tufts; the pistillate and bisexual flowers are solitary and light green. The variously shaped orange-yellow or tomato-red fruits are fleshy and large, reaching 8 cm in diameter. The pulp of ripe fruits is jelly-like, and it is pale yellow, bright yellow, dark red, or brown. The unripe fruits of many varieties have an extremely astringent taste. The Japanese persimmon is native to China and Japan. It is grown on a small scale in the USA, Italy, Spain, Australia, and countries of South America. In the USSR the tree is grown in Western and Eastern Georgia, in Azerbaijan, in Krasnodar Krai (along the Black Sea coast), and in southern regions of the Crimea, the Uzbek SSR, the Tadzhik SSR, and the Turkmen SSR. It tolerates frosts to – 20°C but thrives only in certain soils. The best varieties for fruits used in fresh form are Hachiya, Sydlis (high tannin content, medium-ripening, fruits always light-fleshed), Hyakume (medium-ripening, standard), Zengi (early-ripening, standard), and Tsuru (low tannin content, late-ripening). After complete ripening, fresh fruits contain 25 percent sugar, 1.5 percent protein, and 0.85 percent fat. The vita-min-C content is 40 mg, and iron and other valuable microelements are present. The fruits are a superb dessert and keep under refrigeration for six months or more. The green fruits and leaves have a high tannin content. The fruit yield is as much as 250 kg per tree. The wood is used for furniture and musical instruments. Propagation is by stratified seeds or, more often, by grafting.

REFERENCES

Plodovodstvo, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.

A. D. ALEXANDROV

References in periodicals archive ?
De igual manera, Heiseke y Foroughbakhch (1985) observaron dentro del mismo estudio en Diospyros palmeri el menor valor registrado de IVI, mientras que en la presente investigacion el valor registrado fue superior, concentrando 5.
The main aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics, treatment, complications and outcomes of various surgical procedures performed in paediatric patients presenting with small bowel obstruction due to Diospyros.
Spotlighted by Landscape Architect magazine as an Industry 'mover and shaker', Wright identified American-persimmon, Diospyros Virginiana, as a 'Plant of CARE' challenging all to select and install plants that work-well for their region.
Country: ZimbabweSector: IT/Online ServicesTarget: ForgetMeNot Africa (BVI) Limited (FMNA), Diospyros Investments (Pvt) Ltd (CES Zimbabwe)Buyer: ForgetMeNot Software Limited (FMNS), Complete Enterprise Solutions Mauritius (CES Mauritius)Vendor: Cambria Africa PlcDeal size in USD: 250,000, 190,000Type: DivestmentStatus: Agreed, ExclusivityComment: The USD190,000 price refers to Diospyros, MoU
Growth ring and rainfall correlation in a mangrove tree of the genus Diospyros (Ebenacea).
Los tratamientos de incubacion en oscuridad, seguidos de un periodo de incubacion en luz, han sido reportados como beneficos en la induccion de brotes masivos en diferentes especies y tipos de explantes, entre los que se incluyen: segmentos de hojas de Maracuya (Passiflora edulis Sims) (Appezzato et al, 1999), dos variedades de la especie Diospyros kaki (Choi et al, 2001), Alstroemeria cv.
But because ripe persimmons are delicious, I persisted and through trial and error, I have discovered a reliable way to establish whether eating the fruit of a Diospyros virginiana will be pleasant or not.
A Pharmacological evaluation of antistress activity of Diospyros Peregrina gurke.
La Selva Alta Perennifolia de la Reserva Ecologica "Yu-Balcah resulto ser un ecosistema con un buen grado de conservacion, ya que se identificaron especies primarias como Bravaisia integerrima, Diospyros digyna, Platymiscium yucatanum, Spondias mombin, Guatteria anomala (Lopez 1980; Sol et al.
Tendu leaves is the local name for the leaves of the tree Diospyros melanoxylon, a deciduous middle storey tree.