Diplomatic Ranks

Diplomatic Ranks


special ranks conferred on diplomatic workers. The system and order of conferring diplomatic ranks is regulated by the legislation of each state. In the diplomatic practice of the majority of states, the well-known diplomatic ranks are ambassador, envoy, councillor, first secretary, second secretary, third secretary, and attache. In addition, there may be gradations of these ranks (for example, councillors of the first and second class).

The term “ambassador”—that is, a man who knows two, an intermediary between two sovereigns—was used as early as the 13th century. At the end of the 15th and beginning of the 16th century, two ranks of diplomatic representatives were distinguished: ambassador and mandatory. In the 17th century the rank of resident appeared (a degree in the hierarchy of diplomatic representatives) and the term “envoy” was first used. As a result of numerous conflicts over the relationship among diplomatic ranks, a special regulation was devised on Mar. 19, 1815, at the Congress of Vienna (1814-15), which was supplemented by the Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) Protocol of Nov. 21, 1818. A sequence of diplomatic classes was established that coincided with diplomatic ranks: (1) ambassadors, with papal legates and nuncios granted equal status; (2) envoys and ministers plenipotentiary, with papal internuncios given equal rank; (3) resident ministers; (4) charges d’affaires.

On June 4, 1918, a decree of the Council of People’s Commissars of the RSFSR abolished the old diplomatic ranks and replaced them with the rank of plenipotentiary. The General Regulations on Soviet Agencies Abroad of May 26, 1921, established the division of Soviet representative bodies abroad into plenipotentiary diplomatic missions and commercial and consular delegations. This distinction was later maintained by the Regulations on the People’s Commissariat for Foreign Affairs (Vestnik TsIK, SNK, i STO [Bulletin of the Central Executive Committee, the Council of People’s Commissars, and the Council of Labor and Defense], 1923, no. 10, art. 300; Collection of Statutes of the USSR, 1925, no. 34, art. 233; Collection of Statutes of the USSR, 1927, no. 25, art. 266).

The Edict of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the Establishment of Ranks for Diplomatic Representatives of the USSR Abroad of May 9, 1941, introduced the ranks of ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary, envoy extraordinary and plenipotentiary, and charge d’affaires. The Edict of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the Establishment of Ranks of Diplomatic Workers of the People’s Commissariat for Foreign Affairs and of Embassies and Missions of the USSR Abroad of May 28, 1943, introduced other diplomatic ranks: councillors of the first and second class, two classes of first secretaries, two classes of second secretaries, third secretaries, and attaches.


References in periodicals archive ?
And we will not be surprised with the regime's inevitable collapse in the coming days with all its political, security, military and diplomatic ranks, who sooner or later will get what they deserve in order for justice and fairness to be achieved for the suffering of the Syrian people," Abu Faour, a member of Jumblatt's parliamentary bloc, said.
Moratinos long-time expertise in the Political and diplomatic arena, holding diplomatic ranks and a number of political positions, he also head the position of the special European Commission Rep.
But as the US Foreign Service moves away from being Aopale, male and YaleAo, the diplomatic ranks elsewhere are diversifying, too.
PHIL MICKELSON last night broke the diplomatic ranks between the two sides.
have ensured Annan's steady rise through the diplomatic ranks.