Americans with Disabilities Act

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Americans with Disabilities Act,

U.S. civil-rightscivil rights,
rights that a nation's inhabitants enjoy by law. The term is broader than "political rights," which refer only to rights devolving from the franchise and are held usually only by a citizen, and unlike "natural rights," civil rights have a legal as well as a
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 law, enacted 1990, that forbids discrimination of various sorts against persons with physical or mental handicaps. Its primary emphasis is on enabling these persons to enter the job market and remain employed, but it also outlaws most physical barriers in public accommodations, transportation, telecommunications, and government services. Among the protected class are persons with AIDS and substance abusers who are in treatment. Some 50 million current or potential workers are estimated to be covered by the law's provisions. Studies suggest that the number of disabled persons entering the workforce has not improved significantly, and that a contributing factor may be their reluctance to lose (e.g., because personal income would exceed statutory maximums) other benefits available to them on the basis of their disabilities. The act has already been much litigated. In 1999, for instance, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that correctable conditions like eyesight requiring the use of glasses do not qualify as disabilities under the act, and a 2002 decision established that a disability must limit a person's ability to perform tasks of central importance not just in the workplace but in daily life. In response to some interpretations of the act that narrowed its enforcement, Congress enacted amendments in 2008 that were designed to make the law more inclusive.

Americans with Disabilities Act

A federal law that defines requirements for handicapped access to public facilities, as described in the ADA Guidelines. It requires removal of existing barriers, except any that would be harmful to the historic significance of a structure.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

A federal law, enacted in 1990, requiring that public accommodations be accessible to those having physical disabilities; this law mandates that existing physical barriers be replaced or modified so there are no impediments to access by the physically disabled. For detailed information, write the US Equal Employment Opportunities Commission, 1801 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20507. See American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard A117.1-1992. Also see Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards and physical disability.
References in periodicals archive ?
If we are going to effect real change, people with disabilities need to work together so we can improve facilities for one another and help to challenge the perception that disability discrimination is acceptable - because it's not.
I'm sure Pallister Park headteacher, Mrs Chris Wain, will ensure that all staff are now aware of the issues surrounding insensitivity and disability discrimination and will ensure that this is a one off incident.
He brought a disability discrimination claim against his employer but an employment judge found that he was not disabled for the purposes of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995.
Mr Spare - who complained that the size of his delivery round was excessive - alleged he had been 'singled out' and pursued a successful claim for disability discrimination.
To get protection from laws against disability discrimination, an employee with a serious medical condition must be considered a disabled person.
Unlike other illegal employment practices that are clear to the eye and will not be tolerated, such as sexual harassment, disability discrimination is a murky affair.
An employer does not commit an act of disability discrimination merely by asking about a job applicant's health, but the employer's conduct in reliance on the information obtained may lead an Employment Tribunal to conclude that the employer has committed a discriminatory act.
The mum and dad claimed it would breach disability discrimination laws because the girl would be "excluded".
Figures released under the Freedom of Information Act show the nation's four forces have received 34 industrial tribunal claims on the grounds of disability discrimination in the past five years.
AIf you are disabled within the terms of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995, then you have enhanced protection from discrimination on the grounds of disability.
And officers taking action under disability discrimination laws have been blamed for the huge compensation payments - with a seven-fold increase in cases in just five years.
THE University of Glamorgan's Centre for Research on Workplace Behaviours (CRWB) is joining forces with Cardiff law firm Darwin Gray to deliver a one-day conference to employers and employees on workplace bullying and disability discrimination.

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