surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
References in periodicals archive ?
8 cases per 100,000 population per year) (6) (Carole Scott [Division of Disease Surveillance, Health Canada], pets.
The National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) and bioterrorism preparedness initiatives are expected to further enhance disease surveillance by supporting integration of electronic data from various sources (4,8).
Dr Annette Luker said that her department would extend full technical assistance for evolving comprehensive Strategy for Disease Surveillance and Control.
Many vets are retained by the authority as "Official Veterinary Surgeons" to fulfil this role, however recent central cost-cutting rounds have impacted on the role and there are concerns within the Veterinary Industry that disease surveillance may be less robust than it once was.
He proposed that PHDC and FELTP should work together to train public health staff in disease surveillance so that they could further provide the same training in their districts.
Specifically, it will offer Masters-level training in disease surveillance and on-the-job training in laboratory techniques and disease surveillance for health workers at the frontline.
Laboratory-based surveillance is the preferred system for foodborne disease surveillance since it allows early detection of outbreak strains and identification of risk factors.
Dr Idris Al Abaidani, acting director general of the Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Control, Ministry of Health, who was the course director, said, "The course focused on practical aspects of outbreak detection, investigation and control.
Other recommendations include improving the use of information technology to monitor outbreaks and response activities, strengthening laboratory networks to assist in disease surveillance and response, and mitigating threats of zoonotic disease outbreaks from wildlife and trade.
Disease surveillance and control is prohibitively expensive, he said.
Global infectious disease surveillance and detection; assessing the challenges--finding solutions; workshop summary.
The Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) that is currently in vogue has no information on diphtheria (7).