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partitionthe politically motivated division of an existing territory. Such divisions may involve changing existing state borders, and the enforced migration of residents. Partition can occur for several reasons: as a result of outside influence; following the departure of a colonialist power; or as a result of internal unrest. In Britain the term is primarily associated with the partition of Ireland in the 20th century
in buildings and other structures, a structural element that separates adjacent interior spaces. Partitions usually function as interior enclosing members but sometimes also serve as floor supports.
Partitions may be either fixed, collapsible, or sliding. Residential buildings have partitions that separate one apartment from another and one room from another. Partitions are also used to create interior divisions in lavatories and kitchens. The function and conditions for which a partition is intended are reflected in the standards that govern its strength, sound-insulation qualities, and resistance to fire and water damage.
In modern construction, panels used in partitions are usually made from plasterboard, lightweight concrete, or particle board. Hollow ceramic tiles or lightweight concrete blocks are also used, as are glass blocks and, more rarely, reinforced concrete or bricks. The partitions that are most suitable for residential and public buildings are built up from large, prefabricated plasterboard panels that match the size of the room and are between 8 and 10 cm thick. Partitions for rooms with high humidity are made from hollow concrete slabs or blocks.
L. V. KASAB’IAN