aneuploidy

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Related to Disomy: trisomy, Prader Willi syndrome

aneuploidy

[′a·nyü‚plȯid·ē]
(genetics)
Deviation from a normal haploid, diploid, or polyploid chromosome complement by the presence in excess of, or in defect of, one or more individual chromosomes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Before therapy, FISH analysis highlighted the presence of aneuploidy, particularly diploidy and sex chromosome disomy.
Cytogenetic contribution to uniparental disomy (UPD).
We used multiprobe fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for chromosomes X, Y, and 18 to determine XX, YY, XY, and total sex-chromosome disomy in sperm nuclei.
Indeed, say researchers who are delving into the topic, if uniparental disomy has yet to enter the lay person's lexicon, it's not because the chromosomal quirk occurs so rarely.
The relationship between benzene exposure and 1p36 deletion appears to be stronger than the association between sperm aneuploidy and benzene exposure (where adjusted IRRs for disomy X, the strongest association observed, were 2.
It incorporates allelic information from the mother (and from the father, if available) to model a set of hypotheses that represent the different possible fetal genotypes (for example, monosomy, disomy, or trisomy), and which take into account different genetic inheritance patterns and crossover locations for every possible copy number count.
Finally, ratios of RSTD were calculated by dividing these normalized values by the averaged normalized value of the disomy samples (21) or, in addition, by the normalized mean of male plasma control samples.
19) However, FISH may produce a false-negative result if there is uniparental disomy, that is, when cancer cells have lost one chromosome in the presence of duplication of another chromosomal allele.
Sperm aneuploidy increased across low-and high-exposed groups for disomy X and overall hyperhaploidy for the three chromosomes investigated.
7M Array and Cytogenetics Focused Array include copy number (CN) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) content to identify loss of heterozygosity (LOH), uniparental disomy (UPD), and regions identical-by-descent.
For a typical disomy condition (equal copy numbers of chromosomes 13, 18, and 21), the 3 amplification curves should overlap.
Genomewide scan in families with schizophrenia from the founder population of Afrikaners reveals evidence for linkage and uniparental disomy on chromosome 1.