Distance

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distance

1. Geometry
a. the length of the shortest line segment joining two points
b. the length along a straight line or curve
2. Horse racing
a. Brit a point on a racecourse 240 yards from the winning post
b. Brit any interval of more than 20 lengths between any two finishers in a race
c. US the part of a racecourse that a horse must reach in any heat before the winner passes the finishing line in order to qualify for later heats
3. go the distance Boxing to complete a bout without being knocked out
4. the distant parts of a picture, such as a landscape
5. middle distance
a. (in a picture) halfway between the foreground and the horizon
b. (in a natural situation) halfway between the observer and the horizon
6. Athletics relating to or denoting the longer races, usually those longer than a mile

Distance

 

distance in depth between servicemen, guns, vehicles, and subunits or units (ships) when formed in ranks, on the march (cruise), or in combat formation and also between aircraft when flying in formation or in a combat formation.


Distance

 

an important geometric concept whose meaning depends on the kind of entities for which it is defined. The distance between two points is the length of the line segment joining the points. The distance from a point to a line or a plane is the length of the perpendicular from this point to the line or plane. The distance between two parallel lines or planes is the length of a common perpendicular to the lines or planes. The distance between two nonintersecting nonparallel lines in space is equal to the distance between the parallel planes in which the lines lie—that is, the length of the line segment that joins the lines and is perpendicular to both.

distance

[′dis·təns]
(mathematics)
A nonnegative number associated with pairs of geometric objects.
The spatial separation of two points, measured by the length of a hypothetical line joining them.
For two parallel lines, two skew lines, or two parallel planes, the length of a line joining the two objects and perpendicular to both.
For a point and a line or plane, the length of the perpendicular from the point to the line or plane.
(mechanics)
The spatial separation of two points, measured by the length of a hypothetical line joining them.
References in periodicals archive ?
These included: (1) a decision with regard to the clustering variables, (2) the choice of a clustering method and distance formula, (3) a decision with regard to standardization of the data, (4) a decision with regard to the stage at which the analysis has identified the optimal number of clusters, and (5) validation of the results of the analysis.
The above results translate directly into distance formulas for T.
There are several distance formulas for measuring the similarities of color histograms, like: the Euclidean distance, the histogram intersection or the histogram quadric distance.

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