distributed computing

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distributed computing

[di‚strib·yəd·əd kəm′pyüd·iŋ]
(computer science)
The use of multiple network-connected computers for solving a problem or for information processing.

distributed computing

(1) The use of multiple computers networked throughout a geographical area. See grid computing.

(2) The use of multiple computers in an enterprise rather than one centralized system. This use of the term was coined in the late 1970s when minicomputers were installed in departments throughout a company instead of deploying terminals to a mainframe.
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on this decomposition, by using sub-gradient method we can obtain a distributed algorithm for link state aware cross-layer design for joint congestion control, routing and scheduling and prove the convergence of this algorithm to optimal value.
For the past three years, NASA has been learning and advancing the ability to leverage distributed algorithm and coding skills through the NASA Tournament Lab to solve tough problems," Jason Crusan, NASA Tournament Lab director, said.
Applying distributed algorithm and coding skills to the extensive NASA-funded Catalina Sky Survey data set will yield important insights into the state of the art in detecting asteroids.
In [5], a distributed algorithm is developed to effectively detect, locate, and isolate the Byzantine attackers in a wireless ad hoc network with random linear network coding (RLNC).
She compared two representative distributed ARM algorithms CDA (Count Distribution Algorithm), which uses data parallelism and FDM (Fast Distributed Algorithm for Data Mining), which was based on task parallelism.
The researchers describe an adaptive algorithm for threshold path subset queries, a scalable distributed algorithm for optimizing distribution power grids, delayed insertion strategies in dynamic metric indexes, and an access controller for JME-MIDP 2.
The first one is based on the assumption that all sequences of leaves elimination have the same probability (no distributed algorithm seems to have this property).
The distributed algorithm with migration and/or merging permits each sub-population to change their size in response its performance.
In case of locking, the most used are three options ensuring global serialization [3] : central locking, locking primary copy and distributed algorithm.
Herman and Chandy have proposed a distributed algorithm to detect deadlocks under this model [7].
The load balance is performed by a distributed algorithm, and requires no interaction with any external devices or software.

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