Disulfiram


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disulfiram

[di′səl·fə‚ram]
(pharmacology)
C10H20N2S4 A drug used to treat alcohol abuse that blocks the metabolism of acetaldehyde, the major metabolite of ethanol, causing a rapid buildup of acetaldehyde and a severe physiological syndrome intended to prevent or modify further immediate drinking behavior. Also known as Antabuse.

Disulfiram

 

(also teturamin, Antabuse), a drug used to treat alcoholism. Disulfiram inhibits the oxidation of alcohol, causing acetic aldehyde to accumulate. As a result, the consumption of alcohol leads to such symptoms as sensation of heat, tightness in the chest, heart palpitations, anxiety, and vomiting. Disulfiram is taken orally in the form of tablets. Treatment is first undertaken in a hospital.

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Patients should be fully informed of the physiological consequences of consuming alcohol while taking disulfiram and should agree to taking the medication," the authors wrote.
When a patient consumes alcohol, disulfiram prevents the body from breaking it down, which in turn makes the patient feel sick.
Burger, "Disulfiram, and disulfiram derivatives as novel potential anticancer drugs targeting the ubiquitin-proteasome system in both preclinical and clinical studies," Current Cancer Drug Targets, vol.
Disulfiram is rapidly metabolised into its active metabolite, Me-DTC (S-methyl-N, N-diethylthiocarbamate).
2011), but it is not clear whether disulfiram affects acetaldehyde levels generated via catalase.
If moreover they take disulfiram or cyanamide, it is as though alcohol has ceased to exist, since it is no longer "available" to them.
Disulfiram has been available the longest and appears to be the most stable of the three medications in terms of the number of facilities that continue to offer it from year to year (approximately 70 percent).
Cautions: Patients must be informed about the dangers of continued drinking while on disulfiram.
Disulfiram (Antabuse), chemically diethylthiocarbamoyl or tetraethyl thiuram, is the most extensively used deterrent drug for clinical management of alcoholism since its introduction in 1948.
The inhibitory actions of 5 inhibitors (ethacrynic acid, bromosulfalein, diethylmaleate, disulfiram and curcumin) against the crude GSTs from 3 developmental stages of B.
The Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund announced the decision to discontinue implanting disulfiram in people who faced severe social problem drinking - excessive consumption of alcohol - which prevents them from finding proper jobs, reports Postimees.
This mechanism is similar to that of the approved drug disulfiram (Antabuse).