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(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Otherwise known as the Dark Goddess in Wicca. The (triple) Goddess corresponds to the three phases of the Moon: waxing, full, and waning. In her waxing phase, the Goddess is the Virgin, Maiden, and Warrior, in her full phase she is the Mother, and in the waning phase she is the Crone.

The Triple Goddess theme is found in many cultures. At Stymphalus, Greece, there was a temple dedicated to the three aspects of Hera, as maiden, mother and widow. The Roman goddess Carmenta formed three aspects with her younger sister Antevorta and her older sister Postvorta. The Morrigan of Ireland and Bhavani of the Hindu pantheon are other examples.

The Crone is often associated with Hecate of the Three Faces, and also with Kali the destroyer, Morgan Queen of the Ghostworld, and Kerridwen. Barbara Walker suggests that "crone" may have derived from Rhea Kronia, the Mother of Time.

The Crone also represents the third, post-menopausal, phase of a woman's life. According to Walker, "Because it was believed that women became very wise when they no longer shed the lunar `wise blood' but kept it within, the crone was usually a Goddess of Wisdom." Examples are Athene, Minerva and Medusa.

(See also Hag)

References in periodicals archive ?
For Priure's messenger in Diu Crone does not simply adhere to the common romance convention, according to which a testing emissary comes to try the valour or spiritual standard of pre-eminently one individual knight of the entourage.
In Diu Crone Guinevere's reproach is in fact made all the stronger by the note of sexual reproach conveyed through her invidious comparison of her husband, warming himself by the fireside, with a knight 'known to her' who rides through the woods night and day singing her praises with only the most minimal clothing to fend off the winter cold:
Unlike, for instance, the triangular scenario of the Prose Lancelot that 'emits no ring of ancientness', (19) since it presents the Queen's lover as being one of her husband's own knights, Guinevere's lover in Diu Crone bears a greater resemblance to the supernatural prince of more ancient lore in which Guinevere is 'a fairy queen ravished from her supernatural husband by Arthur of this world, and therefore subject to raids which the other world would regard as rescues, but which to the Arthurian world [.
Heinrich probably knew the Charrete and possibly even sources of the Prose Lancelot, and so it is all the more remarkable that in Diu Crone the name of Lancelot is suppressed in the context of the abduction episode.
At any rate, the Guinevere of Diu Crone gives the rather shifty impression of one strenuously repressing memories of a former life in her attempt to maintain her position within the Arthurian order.
24) The depiction of Gawein in the early stages of Diu Crone, then, is anything but 'typgerecht', for in his portrayal of the 'early' Gawein Heinrich appears innocent of any notion of Gawein's 'pre-formed character': (25) that is, of the normative force of the tradition of the sage, patriarchal Gawein.
A noteworthy consequence of Heinrich's choice of a more ancient model of the sexual triangle theme and of his decision to position it 'early' in the King's reign is that the adultery motif in Diu Crone gains a different implication from that in other works treating the same theme, such as the chronicles of Geoffrey and Wace, the Didot Perceval, and the cyclic romance of Lancelot, where the adultery forms a terminal episode in the fortunes of the Court.