Divan


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divan

1. 
a. a Muslim law court, council chamber, or counting house
b. a Muslim council of state
2. a collection of poems
3. (in Muslim law) an account book

Divan

 

(1) During the rule of the caliph Omar (634-644), divan appeared as a register of the state income that was to be distributed among groups of the ruling class and used to pay soldiers, as well as the place where these registers were kept.

(2) Under the Ommiad and the Abbasid caliphs and in a number of other medieval Muslim states divan came to denote the department of taxation and finance; the term was also applied to other government institutions.

(3) The council of the Turkish sultan consisting of the grand vizier, the head of the Muslim priesthood, and several other high officials.

(4) The state council of the rulers of Moldavia and Wallachia that existed prior to the unification of these principalities in 1859.

(5) In some modern countries of the Muslim East, divans are government institutions for administrative and judicial affairs.

REFERENCE

“Diwan.” Encyclopedic de I’slam, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Leiden-Paris, 1965. Pages 332-47.

Divan

 

in the classical literatures of the Middle East, a collection of the poetry of one author. The poems in the divan are usually arranged in alphabetical order by rhyme (according to the last letter of the rhyme). The works are not dated and, as a rule, do not have titles. Also, the first line of each poem often does not identify the work since in classical poetry each bayt (distch) is a complete idea, and, in rewriting, bayts can easily be transposed.

REFERENCES

Krymskii, A. E. Istoriia Persii, ee literatury i dervishskoi teosofii. Moscow, 1900-07.
Krymskii, A. E. Istoriia arabov i arabskoi literatury. Moscow, 1912.

divan

1. In Muslim countries, a council room or hall for a court of justice.
2. A smoking room.
References in classic literature ?
He goes to the divan, stumbling into the fender and over the fire-irons on his way; extricating himself with muttered imprecations; and finishing his disastrous journey by throwing himself so impatiently on the divan that he almost breaks it.
HIGGINS [coming grimly at her from the divan, and accompanying her to the door] Good-bye.
No doubt he ran off because he did not know what to say to you," said the youth on the divan.
My wife, Helena, died-- at her birth; and this is my big daughter Vera, in mourning, as you see; and this, this, oh, this pointing to the young man on the divan .
Mr Brass applauding this picture very much, and the bed being soft and comfortable, Mr Quilp determined to use it, both as a sleeping place by night and as a kind of Divan by day; and in order that it might be converted to the latter purpose at once, remained where he was, and smoked his pipe out.
They followed the shape of the room, terminating at the lower part in huge divans, covered with brown leather, which were curved, to afford the greatest comfort.
Captain Nemo," said I to my host, who had just thrown himself on one of the divans, "this is a library which would do honour to more than one of the continental palaces, and I am absolutely astounded when I consider that it can follow you to the bottom of the seas.
Hung with armour and native embroideries, furnished with divans and screens, which shut off convenient corners, the room was less formal than the others, and was evidently the haunt of youth.
The furniture was framed in gold and upholstered in satin brocade and it consisted of easy chairs, divans and stools in great variety.
The big living room, with its huge fireplace, divans, shelves and tables of books and magazines, was the center of things.
If you're short of storage, divan beds with drawers in the base are a great idea.
I NEED a valance for our new divan bed but I'm not keen on those frilly skirts.