federation

(redirected from Division of powers)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial.

federation:

see federal governmentfederal government
or federation,
government of a union of states in which sovereignty is divided between a central authority and component state authorities. A federation differs from a confederation in that the central power acts directly upon individuals as well as
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Federation

 

a state system in which a single sovereign state is composed of several united states, each of which juridically maintains a certain degree of political independence. Historically, the first bourgeois federation was the USA, established by the Constitution of 1787. Other federations include the Federal Republic of Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, India, Pakistan, Burma, Malaysia, Australia, and Nigeria. The USSR, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic are socialist federations.

A federation is marked by the following features: (1) territorial extent, a federation is coextensive with the area occupied by its individual members—its states, cantons, Lander, union republics, or other territorial units; (2) the member states of a federation usually have the right to adopt their own constitution; (3) the limits between federal and state jurisdiction are set forth in the federal constitution; (4) each member state of a federation has its own laws and judicial system; and (5) in most federations, a person is simultaneously a citizen of the union and a citizen of one of its united states. Some federations have a bicameral system in which one chamber represents the interests of the federation’s member states.

Socialist federations, which differ radically from bourgeois federations, are based on another principle entirely. In the USSR and in the socialist countries, for the first time in history the state system of federation has become the basis for resolving the national question. The socialist federations are based on the principle of national territoriality and the voluntary union of the sovereign and equal members of the federation, each member having the right to secede from the federation. The development and organization of national states have been influenced by the historical experience of the socialist countries, and particularly of the USSR; this influence is evident in some countries, such as Burma and India, that were freed from colonial dependence and that formed a type of federation consistent with their national makeup.

federation

1. the union of several provinces, states, etc., to form a federal union
2. a political unit formed in such a way
3. any league, alliance, or confederacy
www.nga.gov.au/federation
References in periodicals archive ?
Apart from that, a few minor quibbles arise: The book does not directly discuss interpretative principles used by the courts in division of powers cases, such as pith and substance, double aspect, singling out and colourability; the delegation of legislative powers is touched on but not really dealt with outside the two case studies; and the complex interaction of constitutional conventions and their use in court cases are also unexplored in a text that ties many other political dimensions into the constitution.
The muddiness in the division of powers between the Board and the Reserve Banks and between the Board and the Treasury, as well as in the conception of the Board's mission, led to floundering and conflict in the early years of the System.
In Insite, the British Columbia Court of Appeal addresses the division of powers question in an aridly formal way.
14) Or, wisely taking the advice articulated by Hester Lessard in this volume, what other ways of seeing might emerge from an analysis of division of powers questions "textured by critical oppositional politics and by the democratic engagement of politically marginalized groups that takes place outside established channels of power"?
To make this argument more apparent, I will compare the result in Insite with three other division of powers cases in which the Court chose a formal approach to federalism to answer the question posed, leaving other questions of equality and colonialism unexplored.
On a strict division of powers analysis, the Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) sided with Mr.

Full browser ?