Grigorovich, Dmitrii Pavlovich
Born Jan. 25 (Feb. 6), 1883, in Kiev; died July 26, 1938, in Moscow. Soviet airplane designer.
In 1913, Grigorovich designed his first flying boat, the M-1. He created the M-5 flying boat (1914), which had high flight performance data, and the M-9 flying boat, which was armed with a machine gun (1915) and a cannon (1916). In 1916 the world’s first fighter seaplane, the M-P. was built according to his design. During the Soviet period his best designs were the 1–2 and I-2-bis fighters and the M-24 flying boat. Grigorovich and N. N. Polikarpov created the 1–5 fighter (1930), as well as the first PI-1 fighter with retractable landing gear and cannon armament (1930–33).
REFERENCESLebedev, N. M. Ocherki gidroaviatsii. Moscow. 1924.
Istoriia vozdukhoplavaniia i aviatsii v SSSR: Period do 1914. Edited by V. A. Popov. Moscow, 1944.
Shavrov, V. B. Istoriia konslruktsii samoletov v SSSR do 1938 g Moscow, 1969.