Nalivkin, Dmitrii Vasil’evich
Born Aug. 13 (25), 1889, in St. Petersburg. Soviet geologist and paleontologist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1946; corresponding member, 1933). Honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of the Turkmen SSR (1951). Hero of Socialist Labor (1963).
Nalivkin graduated from the Institute of Mines in Petrograd in 1915. He became a professor at the institute in 1920, where for the first time (1921) in the USSR he gave a course on facies theory. In 1907 he started working for the Geological Committee (since 1939, the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Geology). From 1946 to 1951, Nalivkin served as chairman of the Turkmen Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Between 1946 and 1952 he served as director of the Limnology Laboratory of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1954 he was made chairman of the Interdepartmental Stratigraphic Committee of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Nalivkin’s principal works deal with the stratigraphy, paleontology, and paleogeography of the Paleozoic and with the minerals of the Urals, Middle Asia, and the Eastern European Platform. His works have helped to determine more precisely the stratigraphy and paleogeography of the Urals, particularly the stages of the Middle and Upper Devonian and the Lower Carboniferous; they have also made it possible to determine more precisely the geologic age of bauxite deposits in the Urals and of oil in the Cis-Urals. In 1937 he became editor in chief of small-scale geologic maps of the USSR.
Nalivkin received the State Prize of the USSR (1946) for works on the Urals and the Lenin Prize (1957) for directing the preparation of a geological map of the USSR on a scale of 1:2,500,000; the map was published in 1956. In 1927 he was awarded the N. M. Przheval’skii Gold Medal, and in 1949, the A. P. Karpinskii Gold Medal. Nalivkin is an academician of the Serbian Academy of Sciences (1968) and an honorary member of a number of scientific societies of the USSR, France, Great Britain, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, the United States, and India. He has been awarded four Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and a number of medals.
WORKSOcherk geologii Turkestana. Tashkent, Moscow, 1926.
Uchenie o fatsiiakh: Geograficheskie usloviia obrazovaniia osadkov, 3rd ed., vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955–56.
Geologiia SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
Uragany, buri i smerchi. Leningrad, 1969.
REFERENCESDmitrii Vasil’evich Nalivkin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950. (AN SSSR. Materialy k biobibliografii uchenykh SSSR: Ser. geologicheskikh nauk, fasc. 9.)
“K 80-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia akademika D. V. Nalivkina.” Sov. geologiia, 1969, no. 12.