Shipov, Dmitrii Nikolaevich
Born 1851; died 1920. Russian political figure. One of the founders of the Octobrist Party and a leader of the zemstvo (local self-government) movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Shipov was a landowner in Moscow Province. He graduated from the law faculty at the University of St. Petersburg in 1872. He became a zemstvo delegate (glasnyi) in Volokolamsk District in 1877 and was later a member of the Moscow provincial zemstvo assembly. From 1893 to 1904 he was chairman of the Moscow provincial zemstvo board. Shipov was chairman of the “private conference of zemstvo figures” in November 1904 that called for the introduction of legislative representation of a consultative nature in Russia.
In September 1906, Shipov left the Octobrist Party because of disagreements with A. I. Guchkov and joined the Party of Peaceful Renewal. In 1906 he was named the representative of the Moscow provincial zemstvo assembly on the Council of State. Shipov withdrew from public life in 1911. After the October Revolution of 1917 he was the first chairman of the counterrevolutionary National Center. Shipov was arrested by agents of the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (Cheka) in early 1919 and died in prison.