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A diagnostic technique for the heart that uses a transducer held against the chest to send high-frequency sound waves which pass harmlessly into the heart; as they strike structures within the heart, they are reflected back to the transducer and recorded on an oscilloscope.



a method of examining the heart by means of ultrasound. Echocardiography is based on the recording of ultrasonic waves reflected from the surfaces of heart structures differing in density. Under normal conditions, curves are recorded successively from the walls of the aorta and left atrium, the anterior and posterior cusps of the mitral valve, the interventricular septum, and the posterior wall of the left ventricle.

Echocardiography is used to diagnose acquired and, to a lesser extent, congenital valvular diseases. It helps determine the condition of the cusps and the extent of narrowing of the valve openings; it identifies defects in the septa, large transposed blood vessels, and hypoplasia. Echocardiology is also used to diagnose pericarditis with effusion, tumors, and other abnormal conditions. The procedure is used to measure the volume, wall thickness, and mass of the muscular layer of the left ventricle; the stroke volume; and some other parameters of the blood circulation. By combining echocardiography and ultrasonic scanning one can obtain successive images of heart structures that reflect their dynamics during systole and diastole.


Kardiologiia, 1974, no. 1, pp. 82–86; 1976, no. 6, pp. 15–25.


References in periodicals archive ?
None of the patients had chest pain or ischemic ECG changes, or showed regional wall motion abnormalities during dobutamine stress echocardiography.
When exercise ECG testing and dobutamine stress echocardiography were compared, there were no differences in baseline [74.
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the response of heart to stress according to the size of the prosthetic valve in patients who had undergone mitral valve replacement by using dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and to evaluate the relationship between the size of the prosthetic valve and cardiac recovery-remodeling process.
Significance of dobutamine-induced ST-segment elevation and T-wave pseudonormalization in patients with Q-wave myocardial infarction: simultaneous evaluation by dobutamine stress echocardiography and thallium-201 SPECT.
Dobutamine stress echocardiography may have a role in evaluating contractile reserve in women with recovered systolic function who are contemplating further pregnancies, but there are as yet insufficient data to confirm the validity of this approach (2-31).