optometry

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optometry

(ŏptŏm`ətrē), eye-care specialty concerned with eye examination, determination of visual abilities, diagnosis of eye diseases and conditions, and the prescription of lenses and other corrective measures. In most states optometrists may prescribe drugs for the treatment of eye diseases. The principal concern of early optometrists was the prescription of corrective lenses for defects of vision due to refractive error. Modern optometry also includes the fitting of contact lenses and of telescopic eyeglasses as an aid to the near-blind, as well as the field of orthoptics, i.e., the practice of strengthening the eye muscles and improving their coordination by eye exercises. Prescriptions for corrective lenses provided by an optometrist are often brought to an opticianoptician,
filler of prescriptions for and dispenser of corrective lenses. An optician may grind lenses as instructed by the prescription of an optometrist (see optometry) or ophthalmologist (see ophthalmology) or transcribe the instructions for laboratory mechanics.
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, who grinds and fits the lenses.

The word optometry came into use in 1904 with the organization of the American Optometric Association. Until this time people bought eyeglasses from traveling vendors whose activities were not supervised. With the passage of optometry laws, this method of dispensing glasses was prohibited. Optometrists must now fulfill certain educational requirements and be examined and licensed by the state. Some of the schools of optometry in the United States are affiliated with colleges or universities. Optometry is a specialty requiring a four-year postgraduate professional degree. See also ophthalmologyophthalmology
, branch of medicine specializing in the anatomy, function and diseases of the eye. Ophthalmologists specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of eye disorders, vision measurements for glasses (refraction), eye muscle exercises (orthoptics), and the
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).

optometry

[äp′täm·ə·trē]
(medicine)
Measurement of visual powers.
References in periodicals archive ?
People dealing with eye disease and vision loss can also seek rehabilitative services from a doctor of optometry.
Since early warning signs of diabetic eye and vision disorders are often subtle or undetected, the AOA recommends that high-risk individuals look for initial signs and contact a doctor of optometry if any of the following symptoms are present:
Most importantly, as part of the yearly, back-to-school checklist, students should see a doctor of optometry for a comprehensive eye examination to ensure their eyes are healthy and functioning properly.
If children experience the "3Ds of 3D viewing" - discomfort, dizziness, or lack of depth - it is crucial to have a comprehensive eye examination by a doctor of optometry.
Family eye doctors' primary concern is for the patient's eye health," says Michael Perez, doctor of optometry and MOA president.
The AOA recommends seeing a doctor of optometry for further evaluation if consumers answer yes to any of the following questions:
degrees to 157 students; the College of Optometry, in its eighth commencement exercise, will award 103 Doctor of Optometry degrees; the College of Allied Health will award five Master of Public Health degrees; and, in its first commencement, the College of Dental Medicine will award 29 Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.
While it's important to practice good eye health habits at work, the best line of defense is to visit a doctor of optometry on a regular basis for comprehensive eye exams to help ensure healthy vision.

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