guide dog

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guide dog,

a dog trained to lead a blind person. The first school for training such dogs was established by the German government after World War I for the benefit of blinded veterans. Schools now exist in several European countries and the United States, where the pioneer Seeing Eye, Inc., founded by Dorothy Harrison Eustis in 1929 and established near Morristown, N.J., in 1932, is the best known. The master spends about a month at the school training with the already trained dog and is usually charged a nominal fee. Although the German shepherd is by far the most widely used breed for guide-dog work, several other breeds, e.g., the golden retriever, the Labrador retriever, and the Doberman pinscher, have been trained successfully for this work. Approximately 10% of the blind population can use seeing-eye dogs successfully, that fraction including scores of persons who have achieved new independence through their assistance. Applicants may be rejected on the basis of sufficient useful vision, advanced age, poor health, or unsuitable temperament.

Bibliography

See D. Hartwell, Dogs against Darkness (3d ed. 1968); V. B. Scheffer, Seeing Eye (1971).

guide dog

a dog that has been specially trained to live with and accompany someone who is blind, enabling the blind person to move about safely
References in periodicals archive ?
Over the past several decades, dog guide schools began to be able to rely on applicants to have received O&M services prior to enrolling in dog guide training.
In Australia, O&M personnel preparation has evolved from in-house, one-year programs offered by dog guide agencies in Melbourne and, later, Sydney during the 1970s and 1980s (Branson & Rutt, 1982; Neustadt-Noy & LaGrow, 2010).
His explanation may be indicative of some con fusion about the roles of service dogs and dog guides.
The dog guide users in this study were relatively young and actively participated in social activities by going out daily, going to unaccustomed places using public transportation, and working.
Therefore, an attack on a dog guide may be considered traumatic, since the handler may perceive the attack as a personal assault and may have witnessed the attack.
Sixteen participants used a white cane, 3 used a dog guide and a white cane, 2 used only a dog guide, and 3 did not use a mobility aid.
The following criteria were established for inclusion: The participants had to be able to travel outside their homes independently but be reliant on a mobility aid (a dog guide or a long cane), have basic computer skills, and be aged 18 or older.
Airport staff will take the student dog guides on a tour of Terminal A, and Port Authority police will familiarize the puppies with emergency equipment and vehicles.
Not to be confused with fully trained dog guides, children's visual companion dogs are trained and used as part of a unit or triad that includes the parent, the child, and the dog.
Whether traveling with canes or dog guides, blind people use many practical, straightforward techniques and methods to ride rail transit safely and effectively.
Leader Dogs for the Blind is a non-profit organization that has been providing independent travel to the blind community through the use of dog guides for over 67 years.
The article uses a case study approach to examine how to teach children who are visually impaired the knowledge and skills they will need if they would like to own dog guides in the future.