dogwood

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dogwood

or

cornel

(kôr`nəl), shrub or tree of the genus Cornus, chiefly of north temperate and tropical mountain regions, characteristically having an inconspicuous flower surrounded by large, showy bracts which are often mistaken for petals. This trait is evident in the flowering dogwood (C. florida) of E North America, with white or pink bracts, and the very similar Pacific dogwood (C. nuttallii) of the West. Dogwood anthracnose, a fungal disease, has killed many wild woodland dogwoods since the 1980s. Both species are cultivated as ornamentals. Their bark, rich in tannin, has been used medicinally (as is that of the other species of Cornus), for example, as a quininequinine
, white crystalline alkaloid with a bitter taste. Before the development of more effective synthetic drugs such as quinacrine, chloroquine, and primaquine, quinine was the specific agent in the treatment of malaria.
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 substitute. Their hard wood is used for various objects, e.g., machinery bearings and tool handles. The fruits of some species are edible, e.g., those of the Old World cornelian cherry (C. mas), used also for preserves and the French liqueur vin de cornouille. The bunchberry, or dwarf cornel (C. canadensis), is a low herbaceous wildflower of North America. Dogwoods are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Cornales, family Cornaceae.
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dogwood

dogwood

Most dogwood fruits are super bitter and not edible, but one palatable species is called Cornelian Cherry (available from EdibleLandscaping.com). The root-bark tea from normal Dogwoods used historically as an astringent (stops bleeding), pain-reducing anti-inflammatory, laxative, cough suppressant for malaria, fever, uterine problems and diarrhea. Twigs are chewed to clean and whiten teeth.

Dogwood

 

shrubs and trees of several species. Swida sanguinea is usually called dogwood; it is widespread in western and central regions of the European USSR and in middle and southern Europe; more rarely, S. australis, which grows in the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Asia Minor, is called dogwood. They are shrubs or low trees of the family Cornaceae, having purple shoots, white flowers and corymbiform inflorescences without spathes, and opposite, simple leaves, pale-green underneath. The fruits are juicy and spherical, blue-black or black. Both species are widely grown as ornamentals. Sometimes the wild service tree is called dogwood.


Dogwood

 

(Cornus), a genus of trees and shrubs of the family Cornaceae. The leaves are simple, entire, and opposite. The small bisexual flowers are gathered in umbellate clusters. The fruits are fleshy red drupes on stalks. Four species are found in central and southern Europe, Asia Minor, central China, Japan, and North America (California). The Soviet Union has one species, the cornelian cherry (Cornus mas). It grows in the underbrush and thickets at the edges of leafy forests in the southwestern European USSR, the Crimea, and the Caucasus. Its fruits are eaten fresh and used in preserves and compotes. The hard heavy wood is used in the manufacture of various items. Dogwood trees contain tannins, and are nectar-bearing.

dogwood

of North Carolina and Virginia. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 639]
References in periodicals archive ?
Establish dogwoods for a couple of years before pruning regularly.
Eyde is studying a subgroup of dogwoods that includes the common North American flowering dogwood, which bears the simple fruits, and the Asian dogwoods, which bear the sweet compound fruits.
The dogwoods weren't getting enough light to build blossoms or add much size, but their low-tight-adapted leaves were still collecting enough sun energy to stay alive (barely).
Plant selection includes a palette of eye-catching seasonal colors: spring's Japanese cherry trees and pink flowering crabapples accentuated by white dogwoods and yellow forsythia; summer's red crepe myrtle blossoms and pastel daylilies; oaks, magnolias, sycamores, birches, maples, and hickories--their leaves splashing yellow, gold, and red along autumn highways; and winter's evergreen pines and cedars.
Like gypsy moths, the fungus that kills dogwoods operates in the West as well as the East, but unlike the slowly spreading moths, dogwood anthracnose was reported on flowering dogwoods from TABULAR DATA OMITTED Massachusetts to Alabama, and on Pacific dogwoods from British Columbia to Oregon, all in the 1980s.
The Tree Commission planted more than a mile of downtown trees, while a liquor-store owner, supervised by his 82-year-old dad, planted 12 dogwoods.
This forest is much like what settlers and explorers would have found 300 years ago," says Funderburk, "magnificent oaks, hickory, tulip poplars, beech, maples, pines--and dogwoods, redbbud, and red mulberry at the understory level.
The New York Times environment section followed last February with, "American Dogwoods Are Unable To Resist Devastating Fungus.
The job of finding the right dogwoods belongs to scientists at the U.
MANY cornus - dogwoods - are grown for their colourful stems throughout the winter months.
Despite illuminating the darkest corners, dogwoods are sometimes avoided because they are associated with roundabouts and other public open spaces for low maintenance planting by local councils.
When dogwoods are mentioned, the homeowner thinks of trees, yet there are a number of dogwood (Cornus) shrubs.