Dolcino


Also found in: Dictionary.

Dolcino

 

Died 1307. Leader of a peasant and plebeian uprising in northwestern Italy (1304-07). Disciple and follower of G. Segarelli, the founder of the sect of the Apostolic Brethren.

According to the sermons of Dolcino, a kingdom of social justice (with universal equality and common holding of property) would be established on earth as a result of the violent overthrow of all authorities and the extermination of the pope, cardinals, priests, and monks. In early 1304, Dolcino led an uprising of local peasants directed against feudal obligations and the authorities of the city to which the peasants in the area around the city of Vercelli (northwestern Lombardy) were subordinate. He proposed to seize the valley of the Sesia River and establish a peasant commune there (apparently to be based on the periodic equalized redistribution of the land). Pope Clement V proclaimed a crusade against Dolcino in 1305. The insurgents were driven back into the mountains at the border of Savoy, Novara, and Vercelli. In March 1307 the troops of the feudal lords smashed the insurgents. Dolcino was captured and executed. Dolcino’s uprising was one of the first in a series of major uprisings in the states of Western Europe in the 14th century.

REFERENCES

Marx, K. “Khronologicheskie vypiski. [Tetrad’] 2.” In Arkhiv Marksa i Engel’sa, vol. 6. Moscow, 1939. Pages 5-6.
Skazkin, S. D. Vosstanie Dol’chino, kniga dlia chteniia po istorii srednikh vekov, part 2. Moscow, 1951.
Skazkin, S. D. “Pervoe poslanie Dol’chino.” In the collection Iz istorii sotsial no-politic he skikh idei. Moscow, 1955.
Skazkin, S. D. “Istoricheskie usloviia vosstaniia Dol’chino.” Moscow, 1955. (Doklady sovetskoi delegatsii na X Mezhdunarodnom kongresse istorikov v Rime.) S. D. SKAZKIN
References in periodicals archive ?
First, to provide greater clarity with respect to the structure and operation of the JUA and the responsibilities of the commissioner, the required participants in the plan and the board and to make necessary changes to preserve the longstanding federal tax exemption of the JUA," Dolcino said in her testimony.
Another witness claims that the heresiarch Fra Dolcino was on such intimate terms with Matteo Visconti that Dolcino raised an army at his command.
Derby specials Hills Fastest sectional 10 Ballymac Brogan, Crokers Champ, 12 Clares Wonder, Dunghill Rocket, Farloe Blitz, 14 Quietly, Sidarian Vega, 20 Ballymac Matt, Blue Cafu, Swift Keith, Tynwald Bish, 25 Aero Nemesis, Ballymac Vickson, Dolcino Rose, Leamaneigh Turbo, Ring Ben, Roxholme Ted, Save The Don, Slippery Fred, 33 bar (e-w 1/4 1,2,3,4).
07 (480m): May's Master, Liosgarbh Charl, Aero Inferno, Pinpoint Classic (M), Dolcino Rose (W), Black Pegasus (W).
The English Derby finalists will meet his kennel companion Dolcino Flyer, who gets the place reserved for the highest-placed Puppy Derby final runner.
He has leading chances in a number of heats with the likes of Ballymac Gordie in heat four, Lenson Sanchez (six) and Dolcino Flyer in (seven).