Dolgan

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Dolgan

 

(self-designation, Dolgan, Tya-kikhi, Sakha), a people of the Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) National Okrug, Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR. The group numbered 4,900 in 1970. They speak the Dolgan dialect of the Yakut language. Believers were Orthodox, but ancient animistic beliefs were also preserved, especially shamanism and the religion of the hunt. The Dolgan developed as a people in the 19th and early 20th centuries out of the Evenkis and Yakuts who had migrated from the region of the Lena and Olenek rivers, as well as local Evenki, some families of Entsy, and the so-called tundra peasants. The Dolgan were nomadic reindeer herders and hunters; later they settled and joined kolkhozes (reindeer herding, hunting, fishing, fur farming, dairying, and market gardening). The old dwelling of the Dolgan, the chum, has been replaced by log houses built in the Russian style.

REFERENCE

Narody Sibiri. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956. (Bibliography on page 1010.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast to the aforementioned Nganasan-Evenki parallels which are presumably of older age, Nganasan-Dolgan linguistic contacts continued at least until the mid of the 20th century, especially among the Vadeev Nganasan who have been living in more proximity to Dolgans.
At least since the 19th century, Evenkis were under increased socio-cultural pressure and underwent assimilation with the Dolgans, a process which reached its end with the total assimilation of Evenki speakers after the 1950s.
For Dolgan, it is also known that the transition has taken place comparatively late as there are indeed examples for the use of the dative case in earlier texts: (24)
For example, both Komi and Dolgan use the instrumental case as a marker of secondary predication, similar to Russian:
For the sake of completeness, a look at Dolgan d'iek and d'ieri are necessary.
Table 1 The encoding of directionality and temporality in Taimyrian languages language function Nganasan Evenki Dolgan directionality d'a -tki d'iek/dieri metaphorical d'a -tki d'iek/d
Even if the proposal that Dolgan should have contributed to the two-fold predicative encoding in Nganasan might be too strong, the areal implication is certainly worth highlighting.
Leaving aside Samoyedic languages for a moment, it is surprising to see that the shape of the Dolgan postposition d'iek (Standard Yakut [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), which expresses directionality, is rather close.
Similar to the other languages, the goal of movement is encoded by the dative case in Dolgan, but the Dolgan dative case shows features absent from Samoyedic as it also encodes location.
For each feature I offer a potential parallel in either Evenki or Dolgan.
They include: Altaians, Buryatians, Dolgans, Koryaks, Kumandins, Mansi, Selkups, Tuvinians, Khakasians, Nenets, Hunts, Evenks and Russians.
The mammoth is the creator of the Earth shape in the folklore of the Dolgans.