Dolní Vestonice

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Dolní Věstonice

 

an Upper Paleolithic archaeological site in Czechoslovakia, on the outskirts of the city of Mikulov in southern Moravia. Dolni Vestonice was part of either the Pavlov or the eastern Gravettian culture. According to radioactive carbon dating, it is 25,000-30,000 years old. Dolni Vestonice was excavated by the Czech scientists K. Absolon (1924-38) and B. Klima (1947-52). Large accumulations of mammoth bones, stone and flint tools, and many works of art made of mammoth tusks (a small male head and pendants of stylized female images) and fired clay (a realistic female figurine, figurines of mammoths, bears, wild horses, a rhinoceros, and so forth) were found. The remains of two dwellings were unearthed: an oval one (15 x 9m), with five hearths, and a round one (6 m in diameter) with one hearth in the center in which clay figurines were fired. Over 2,000 lumps of fired clay and half-finished articles were found, some of which still bore traces of modeling and imprints of human fingers. Several human skulls were found and a burial of a woman lying in a flexed position and covered with mammoth shoulder blades.

REFERENCES

Boriskovskii, P. I. “Ocherki po paleolitu Tsentral’noi i lugoVostochnoi Evropy.” In the collection Sovetskaia arkheologiia,fasc. 27. Moscow, 1957.
Klima, B. Dolni Vestonice. Prague, 1963.

P. I. BORISKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
A darkened room housed goldpainted nude statues of the famous Venus of Willendorf, Venus of Dolni Vestonice, Venus of Yullyevich and
The Venus of Dolni Vestonice a 31,000 year-old metaphorical figure is one of these sublime works.
Pavlov I: excavations 1952-1953 (ERAUL: Dolni Vestonice Studies 2): 87-130.
So did the encounter of earth and fire since the late Paleolithic period as observed, for example, in the Venus of Dolni Vestonice dating back to 29000-25000 BCE.
Excavations in 1986 yielded an unusual burial at Dolni Vestonice, a 26,000-year-old site in the Czech Republic.
2010, 2011) sought to address this lacuna by intensive flotation of newly excavated contexts from the Gravettian sites of Dolni Vestonice II and Predmosti in the Czech Republic (dated between 25 and 30 kya).
Clay was the medium used for Venus figures such as the Venus of Willendorf and the Venus of Dolni Vestonice, portable representations of the mother/goddess figure.
I'm not sure how its existence at Dolni Vestonice could be clearly demonstrated.
Objects like the ivory heads from Dolni Vestonice (Figure 3) and Brassempouy are identified as female (catalogue pp.
I was seeking information about the oldest clay pieces on record which led me to study the 27,000 year old site of Dolni Vestonice.
The utterly extraordinary concentration of open-air Upper Palaeolithic sites in and around the Pavlov Hills of Moravia has been explored since the 1920s, the most famous being Dolni Vestonice and Pavlov.
These may be intensive occupations, resulting from repeated human activities at one place, (for example the Dolni Vestonice I and Pavlov I sites) or extensive spreads of individual occupations over a wide area (for example Dolni Vestonice II).