Domain Name System


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domain name system

[dō‚mān ′nām ‚sis·təm]
(computer science)
Abbreviated DNS.
A system used on the Internet to map the easily remembered names of host computers (domain names) to their respective Internet Protocol (IP) numbers.
A software database program that converts domain names to Internet Protocol addresses, and vice versa.

Domain Name System

(networking)
(DNS) A general-purpose distributed, replicated, data query service chiefly used on Internet for translating hostnames into Internet addresses. Also, the style of hostname used on the Internet, though such a name is properly called a fully qualified domain name. DNS can be configured to use a sequence of name servers, based on the domains in the name being looked for, until a match is found.

The name resolution client (e.g. Unix's gethostbyname() library function) can be configured to search for host information in the following order: first in the local hosts file, second in NIS and third in DNS. This sequencing of Naming Services is sometimes called "name service switching". Under Solaris is configured in the file /etc/nsswitch.conf.

DNS can be queried interactively using the command nslookup. It is defined in STD 13, RFC 1034, RFC 1035, RFC 1591.

BIND is a common DNS server.

Info from Virtual Office, Inc..
References in periodicals archive ?
First, the current 'categorized' domain name system is an ideal that does not, in practice, exist.
The report analyzed trends behind the growing security threats to the Domain Name System (DNS), which is the "backbone" of the Internet.
com is the Web's premiere destination for DNS professionals, offering free online tools to monitor and maintain one of the most vital, yet vulnerable, lynchpins in the infrastructure supporting the Web - the Domain Name System.
ISS) (NASDAQ: ISSX), the worldwide leader in preemptive, enterprise security, today announced that it has discovered and provided preemptive protection for critical flaws in the Microsoft Domain Name System (DNS) client since February 2006.
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a provider of superior domain name system ("DNS") services, announced today that it has been reviewed by Consumer Guide and received a "Best Buy" rating.