Domingo Faustino Sarmiento


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Sarmiento, Domingo Faustino

 

Born Feb. 14, 1811, in San Juan; died Sept. 11, 1888, in Asunción. Argentine state and public figure. Writer and radical-bourgeois historian.

Sarmiento is the author of Travels Through Europe, Africa, and America (1849) and Memories of a Province (1850). His major work, Facundo (1850; original title Civilization and Barbarism: The Life of Juan Facundo Quiroga), is a literary, philosophical, and sociological essay that re-creates the life of the Argentine pampas. It depicts the life of the peoples of Latin America as a struggle between the forces of barbarism and civilization.

Sarmiento was an advocate of secular education. Influenced by utopian socialism, he believed that education would lead to the equality of classes and social harmony. In his works he vigorously condemned the violence of the ruling aristocracy and the dictatorship of Rosas; he is still criticized for these stands by members of the reactionary-clericalist school.

As president (1868–74), Sarmiento enacted a series of reforms aimed at developing Argentina’s economy and culture. Among other things, he promoted agriculture and the raising of sheep. During his administration, railroads and highways were constructed, an astronomical observatory was opened, an academy of sciences was organized, and schools, libraries, and hospitals were built.

WORKS

Obras completas, vols. 1–52. Buenos Aires, 1948.

REFERENCES

Ocherki istorii Argentiny. Moscow, 1961.
Rojas, R. El pensamiento vivo de Sarmiento [2nd ed.]. Buenos Aires [1944].
Rojas, R. El profeta de la pampa: Vida de Sarmiento. Buenos Aires [1945].
Martínes Estrada, E. Meditaciones sarmientinas. Santiago, Chile, 1968.
Bibliografía de Sarmiento. Buenos Aires, 1911.
References in periodicals archive ?
En ella, Beatriz Pastor estudia, como lugares donde reside el impulso utopico, las cartografias reales e imaginarias descritas en algunas de las narrativas canonicas de este periodo y las compara con utopias fundacionales surgidas posteriormente como, por ejemplo, la de la ciudad moderna en la obra de Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Gabriel Garcia Marquez y Carlos Monsivais.
The milieu and the conspiratorial atmosphere are familiar from Todos mienten (They All Lie, 2009), Pineiro's densest work, in which the characters, gathered at a country house, stage all manner of fictions and deceptions, some involving the family connection between one of the characters and Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, the progressive nineteenth-century writer and statesman.
Y lo hace, en efecto, con Francisco de Miranda, Andres Bello, Ruben Dario, Jose Marti, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento.
Le corpus du livre est constitue de Concert baroque (1974) de l'ecrivain cubain Alejo Carpentier, Le llano en flammes (1953) et Pedro Paramo (1955) de l'auteur mexicain Juan Rulfo ainsi que de trois textes d'ecrivains argentins : Facundo : Civilisation et barbarie (1845) de Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, L'ange des tenebres (1974) d'Ernesto Sabato et Les mysteres de Buenos Aires (1973) de Manuel Puig.
Part IV examines the subsequent debate between Alberdi and his contemporary and associate, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, to illustrate how their different rhetorical modes resulted in differing interpretations of the Argentine Constitution.
His comrade in the Generation of '37, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, likewise contended that Argentina needed a national government that "proposes as its sole objective to devote itself to populating the country and creating riches.
The reader collects writings and addresses by pensadores Simon Bolivar, Jose Maria Luis Mora, Andres Bello, Jose Victorino Lastarria, Francisco Bilbao, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Esteban Echeverria, Lucas Alaman, Juan Bautista Alberdi, Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Juan Montalvo, Jose Marti, Soledad Acosta de Samper, Justo Sierra, Euclides de Cunha, Clorinda Matto de Turner, Francisco Alonso de Bulnes, and Alcides Arguedas in which they grappled with the Latin American colonial past, issues of federalism versus political unitarianism, the role of the institutional Catholic Church, patterns of social existence, foreign relations, polices towards indigenous peoples, the role of women in Latin America, education and economic development, and the nature and uses of history.
Quiroga, the caudillo who was buried standing, rests half-way between the tomb of Juan Manual de Rosas (who may have ordered his assassination) and Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, the indefatigable journalist, educator, and eventual president of Argentina, who both vilified and immortalized Quiroga in his book Facundo: Or Civilization and Savagery.
It is a non-fictional work of historical and political analysis, Facundo: Civilization and Barbarism (Facundo: civilizacion y barbarie, 1845), by the Argentine politician and statesman Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, that is regarded as the first great literary chronicle about a Latin American dictator and as a seminal influence on the great Latin American dictator novels to follow.
It's a choice between barbarism and civilization," he says, paraphrasing his Argentine hero, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, the 19th-century father of public education.
He focuses on a few aspects of the Peruvian writer's discourse, such as the dichotomy of civilization and barbarism proposed by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento in his book Facundo.
and later president), Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, a strong proponent of torpedo defense for his country's Rio de la Plata.