Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

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Sarmiento, Domingo Faustino

 

Born Feb. 14, 1811, in San Juan; died Sept. 11, 1888, in Asunción. Argentine state and public figure. Writer and radical-bourgeois historian.

Sarmiento is the author of Travels Through Europe, Africa, and America (1849) and Memories of a Province (1850). His major work, Facundo (1850; original title Civilization and Barbarism: The Life of Juan Facundo Quiroga), is a literary, philosophical, and sociological essay that re-creates the life of the Argentine pampas. It depicts the life of the peoples of Latin America as a struggle between the forces of barbarism and civilization.

Sarmiento was an advocate of secular education. Influenced by utopian socialism, he believed that education would lead to the equality of classes and social harmony. In his works he vigorously condemned the violence of the ruling aristocracy and the dictatorship of Rosas; he is still criticized for these stands by members of the reactionary-clericalist school.

As president (1868–74), Sarmiento enacted a series of reforms aimed at developing Argentina’s economy and culture. Among other things, he promoted agriculture and the raising of sheep. During his administration, railroads and highways were constructed, an astronomical observatory was opened, an academy of sciences was organized, and schools, libraries, and hospitals were built.

WORKS

Obras completas, vols. 1–52. Buenos Aires, 1948.

REFERENCES

Ocherki istorii Argentiny. Moscow, 1961.
Rojas, R. El pensamiento vivo de Sarmiento [2nd ed.]. Buenos Aires [1944].
Rojas, R. El profeta de la pampa: Vida de Sarmiento. Buenos Aires [1945].
Martínes Estrada, E. Meditaciones sarmientinas. Santiago, Chile, 1968.
Bibliografía de Sarmiento. Buenos Aires, 1911.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pero se votaba tambien por la idea que el argentino Domingo Sarmiento habia descrito en el Facundo: "El gobierno es el consentimiento no premeditado que una nacion da a un hecho permanente".
The palm trees originally planted by Domingo Sarmiento in 1860 still stand, and the abandoned garden, initially used by the original caretakers, was excavated to reveal decades-old magnolias, irises, orange blossoms and other plantings.
O primeiro texto propoe uma analise do pensamento de Domingo Sarmiento e suas tentativas de identificar os males fundamentais que gerariam as crises politicas da Argentina oitocentista, destacando a presenca de conceitos historiograficos e do pensamento racial europeus e as multiplas estrategias narrativas e explicativas usadas por Sarmiento, com ligacoes tanto com o historicismo romantico quanto com diversas linhas de pensamento "cientifico" do periodo.
The politics and ideals of Juan Alberdi and Domingo Sarmiento, among others, reflected French liberalism at the time of the French Revolution of July 1830.
La escritora argentina Araceli Bellotta presenta su primera publicacion, "Margarita Weild y el General Paz", historia de quienes fueron figuras durante el siglo XIX, y que supieron superar las barreras de la carcel y el exilio, Interesada en indagar el universo femenino de aquellos remotos tiempos lejanos, la autora, escribio en 1997, "Aurelia Velez", quien fue la esposa del polemico Domingo Sarmiento.
A comparison of Juan Bautista Alberdi and Domingo Sarmiento favors the work of Alberdi over Sarmiento's public service.
Como aponta Elias Jose Palti, escritores como Domingo Sarmiento, Esteban Echeverria e Juan Baustista Alberdi oscilavam entre, por um lado, uma abordagem historicista que buscava desvelar a singularidade da historia nacional e, por outro, uma perspectiva universalista que inserisse a experiencia local em uma historia maior do progresso humano.
A visao dessas elites sobre o passado da regiao foi amplamente influenciada pela oposicao entre "civilizacao" e "barbarie" desenvolvida por Domingo Sarmiento, representacao de um universo geografico e humano irremediavelmente fraturado: conflito permanente entre cidade e campo; populacoes de gauchos e indigenas nomades e dispersas, incapazes de desenvolver instituicoes estaveis e respeito pela autoridade; lideres regionais personalistas e agressivos, empenhados em rejeitar a influencia civilizadora do Ocidente moderno.