Domra


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Domra

 

a Russian stringed musical instrument that is plucked. It is played with a plectrum.

The domra was most widely used in the 16th and 17th centuries, primarily by musicians-skomorokhs (itinerant performers). In the second half of the 18th century it was encountered less frequently. In the years 1896-1900 an instrument similar to a three-stringed domra was reconstructed by S. I. Nalimov on the instructions of V. V. Andreev and began to be used in balalaika orchestras. The reconstructed domras were of various dimensions (475-1,100 mm) and had different ranges (piccolo, prima, alto, tenor, bass, contrabass); the strings were tuned at intervals of a fourth, like the balalaika and had full chromatic ranges. In the years 1908-17, G. P. Liubimov and S. F. Burov built a number of four-stringed domras with strings tuned at intervals of a fifth and having ranges from piccolo to contrabass. The domra is widely used in Soviet Russian folk-instrument orchestras.

References in periodicals archive ?
Siverko Dance Ensemble from Russia, which was founded in 1976 and first came to the Billingham festival in 1987, are accompanied by a harmonica, balalaika, reed pipe and domra.
9 String Theory - The finest instrumental music from the around the world finds a fresh new voice in 9 String Theory: the unique musical collaboration of domra virtuoso Angelina Galashenkova-Reed and award-winning classical guitarist John Huston.
The Eugene musician - the accordion-playing third of Trio Voronezh, which also includes Valerie Petrukhin on balalaika and domra player Vladimir Volokhin - picked up the ultra-new Roland FR-8x "virtual accordion" with its 92 right-hand buttons, 120 bass buttons on the left, 180 orchestral sounds and 18 drum sets.
Balalaika and Domra Association of America Festival/Concert.
In the second arrangement Russian composer Yuri Yakushev combines a domra (a traditional Russian plucked string instrument) with instruments from both a classical orchestra and a jazz band in an easy-listening, Beguine-style.
Statman began seeking out a number of masters of maqam-based music for lessons, including Armenian kemenche/tar player Andrinik Aroustamian, Mountain Jewish kemenche player Zevulon Avshalomov, Greek cimbalom player Paul Lemberis, a Romanian-Jewish mandolinist named Martin Kalinsky who also played balalaika and domra and later, Epiorti Greek clarinetist (and NEA National Heritage Fellow) Periklis Halkias.
Watertown, CT 06795 Phone/fax (860) 274-0004 Domra Bonasera, Artistic Director Summer Artist Shamil Yagudin, Ballet Master of the Bolshoi Ballet
My domra, which was built by a famous instrument-maker in Russia, is made of pearwood, ebony, and palisander.
The instruments include the domra, which is stringed and plucked; the gusli (psaltery), also stringed and plucked, the oldest instrument represented; the balalaika, more strings plucked, here a double-bass balalaika; and the bayan, a reed keyboard accordion.
On the derivation tambur (more accurately, tunbur) 'either, pandora' [less than] MP tanbur it may be noted that the ultimate etymon is Greek pandoura (by metathesis), a word that has furnished the name of a variety of stringed instruments from Italy to India (bandura, mandola, tamburitza, domra, tanpura).
The instrumentation is a mixture of orchestra (strings, flute, horn, trumpet, trombone, harp, glockenspiel) and band (drum, guitar, bass guitar, keyboard), with the addition of a domra (a Russian folk instrument belonging to the lute family with metal strings).
The third thing that the ensemble's domra player, Vladimir Volokhin, did - soon after getting a car and a TV set, of course - was to buy a computer.