Don Juan


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Related to Don Juan: Don Giovanni

Don Juan

(dŏn wän, jo͞o`ən, Span. dōn hwän), legendary profligate. He has a counterpart in the legends of many peoples, but the Spanish version of the great libertine has become the most universal. At the height of his licentious career, Don Juan seduces the daughter of the commander of Seville and kills her father in a duel. When he later visits a statue of his victim and jeeringly invites it to a feast, the statue comes to life and drags Juan off to hell. The earliest-known dramatization of the story is El burlador de Sevilla (1630), attributed to Gabriel Téllez, who wrote under the pseudonym Tirso de Molina. Molière's Le Festin de Pierre (1665) and Mozart's opera Don Giovanni (1787) are perhaps the most famous treatments of the theme. Among the many other literary works that use the unscrupulous gallant as the hero are Byron's Don Juan, Espronceda's El estudiante de Salamanca, and Shaw's Man and Superman.

Don Juan

 

the hero of many works of literature and art. Don Juan is a pleasure-loving cavalier and a violater of moral and religious standards, devoting his life to a search for sensual pleasures; he is the creation of a medieval legend.

One of the first literary treatments of Don Juan is the play by the Spanish dramatist Tirso de Molina entitled El Burlador de Sevilla (1630); his Don Juan, a vain seducer of women, was so socially typical that he attracted the attention of many writers, composers, and artists. Moliere’s comedy Dom Juan (1665) resounded with scourging, antifeudal satire. The hero of W. A. Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni (1787; libretto by L. da Ponte) is a self-willed dreamer, a seeker after the eternal feminine. Such an interpretation was developed in the 19th century by romantic writers (E. T. A. Hoffmann and A. Musset, for example). In Byron’s narrative poem Don Juan (1819-23), Don Juan is not so much a flighty bon vivant as he is a rebel in pursuit of personal freedom. In the humanistic treatment by A. S. Pushkin (The Stone Guest,1830) he is an egoist who tramples upon human laws and is therefore doomed.

REFERENCES

Nusinov, I. M. “Istoriia obraza Don Zhuana.” In lstoriia literaturnogo geroia. Moscow, 1958.
Weinstein, L. The Metamorphoses of Don Juan. Stanford, 1959.
Saint-Paulien. Don Juan: Mythe et réalité. Paris, 1967.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

Don Juan

literature’s most active seducer: “in Spain, 1003.” [Span. Lit.: Benét, 279; Ger. Opera: Mozart, Don Giovanni, Espy, 130–131]
See: Lust

Don Juan

internationally active profligate and seducer. [Span. Lit.: Benét, 279; Ger. Opera: Mozart, Don Giovanni, Wester-man, 93–95]

Don Juan

for murder, devoured by fire. [Span. Lit.: Benét, 279; Ger. Opera: Mozart, Don Giovanni, Westerman, 95]

Don Juan

a legendary Spanish nobleman and philanderer: hero of many poems, plays, and operas, including treatments by de Molina, Moli?re, Goldoni, Mozart, Byron, and Shaw
References in periodicals archive ?
An implicit elitist world view is thus manifested onstage: concerns of the lowly servant are appropriately earthy and corporeal, while the noble master's thoughts are by contrast of a loftier and more spiritual plane--even in the case of Tirso's diabolical Don Juan, who in succeeding centuries would become a Romantic "hero" worthy of redemption.
8220;The selection of the name Don Juan Tequila, complements what we believe is the finest distilled Agave Tequilana that is more than a spirit, it's the representation of an entire culture, an understanding of tradition and the art of seduction,” said Vicente.
En el caso de un texto tan significativo como Don Juan Tenorio, el analisis de las estampas de apertura con que se difunden las diversas secuelas decimononicas de la pieza de Zorrilla permite, como senalo en las paginas que siguen, comprobar hasta que punto el grabado condiciona la lectura del texto y sirve como reclamo para su venta.
These desserts and a slow-hand approach to the peppers in all our dishes distinguish Hacienda Don Juan and make it gringo-friendly and just a good bet with a quick payback.
Don Juan said that he was so impressed with the ad's idea that he agreed to do it without even thinking about the pay he'd be receiving for it.
Situated in the frigid McMurdo Dry Valleys, Don Juan Pond's high salt content-by far the highest of any body of water on the planet-keeps it from freezing into oblivion.
The fire was discovered shortly after a chair was set ablaze at the Jacksons convenience food store that sits next to Shooter's and Don Juan, and investigators have come away convinced that both fires were deliberate.
In the wake of modernism and taking as starting point the features which the character bears at the turn of the century--old age, paternity, repentance, melancholy--Valle-Inclan creates a decadent Don Juan in whom there are hardly any traces of the baroque burlador.
Left below: The curator holds the spy glass belonging to Percy Bysshe Shelley, that he had with him when he drowned on July 8, 1822 aboard the boat Don Juan.
Should Don Juan put him to death," declared Guzman, "he will but confer honour on me, true life on my son and on himself eternal shame in this world and everlasting wrath after death.
Krishna Winston's pellucid translation of Don Juan is a visual patchwork; the eye is beguiled by the "glow of the poplar-fluff tufts," the "mica sand glitter[ing] in the fishless rill," the "clay with marl with rock outcroppings with taproots with basket roots, sulfur yellow with brick red with salt gray with coal black.
She has attracted little critical attention, however, even in the specialized field of queer literary scholarship--three of her novels, namely In Thrall (1982), a narrative of adolescent love, as well as the two I turn my attention to in this essay, Don Juan in the Village (1990) and Leash (2002), are primarily lesbian-themed.