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Donets(dənyĕts`), river, c.650 mi (1,050 km) long, in Ukraine and SW European Russia. A tributary of the Don, it is also called the North Donets (Rus. Severny Donets). It rises NE of Belgorod, which it passes, and flows generally southeast to join the lower Don. Its lower course is navigable.
an ancient Russian city of the 10th-14th centuries, now an archaeological site on the outskirts of Kharkov, (Ukrainian SSR) on a high promontory of the right bank of the Uda River. Donets arose on the site of a Scythian settlement (fifth century B.C.) and an early Slavic town of the eighth-tenth centuries. It is mentioned in the Hypatian Chronicle for 1185. The city consisted of a kremlin (detinets), fortified by an earthen bank with a wooden wall, and a posad (merchants’ and artisans’ quarter) stretching 1.5 km along the shore. V. A. Gorodtsov (in 1902), A. S. Fedorovskii (in 1929-30), and B. A. Shramko (in 1955-61) conducted the principal excavations. Dwellings, farm structures, grain pits, a smithy, the remains of bronze foundries and bone-cutting workshops, and potters’ kilns were found.
REFERENCESDanilevich, V. E. “Donetskoe gorodishche i gorod Donets.” In the collection Arkheologicheskaia letopis’ luzhnoi Rossii, nos. 4-5. Kiev, 1904.
Shramko, B. A. Drevnosti Severskogo Dontsa. Kharkov, 1962.
Fedorovs’kyi, O. “Arkheolohichni rozkopy v okolytsiakh Kharkova.” In the collection Khronika arkheologii ta mystetstva, part 1. Kiev, 1930.