Doria, Andrea


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Doria, Andrea

(ändrā`ä dō`rēä), b. 1466 or 1468, d. 1560, Italian admiral and statesman, of an ancient family prominent in the history of GenoaGenoa
, Ital. Genova, city (1991 pop. 678,771), capital of Genoa prov. and of Liguria, NW Italy, on the Ligurian Sea. Beautifully situated on the Italian Riviera, it is the chief seaport of Italy and rivals Marseilles, France, as the leading Mediterranean port.
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. He started his career as a condottierecondottiere
[Ital.,=leader], leader of mercenary soldiers in Italy in the 14th and 15th cent., when wars were almost incessant there. The condottieri hired and paid the bands who fought under them.
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 and in the Italian WarsItalian Wars,
1494–1559, series of regional wars brought on by the efforts of the great European powers to control the small independent states of Italy. Renaissance Italy was split into numerous rival states, most of which sought foreign alliances to increase their
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 fought for Francis I of France. In 1528 he fell out with Francis and went over to Charles V, Holy Roman emperor and King of Spain, under the condition that the independence of Genoa be preserved. Doria became (1528) virtual dictator of Genoa, but even under the constitution that he imposed the republican institutions were preserved. He mercilessly suppressed conspiracies against himself (1547, 1548) and ended factional strife. As admiral of the fleet, Doria assisted the Spanish against the Turks and the pirate BarbarossaBarbarossa
[Ital.,=red-beard], surname of the Turkish corsair Khayr ad-Din (c.1483–1546). Barbarossa and his brother Aruj, having seized (1518) Algiers from the Spanish, placed Algeria under Turkish suzerainty. He extended his conquests to the rest of the Barbary States.
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. He helped Charles V in taking Tunis from Barbarossa in 1535 but failed at Algiers in 1541. In 1559 he recovered, with French aid, Corsica for Genoa.

Doria, Andrea

 

Born Nov. 30, 1466, in Oneglia; died Nov. 25, 1560, in Genoa. Genoese admiral and state figure. Born into an aristocratic family.

During the period of the Italian Wars of 1494-1559, Doria, who had made it his goal to defend the independence of Genoa and who initially counted on the aid of France, served the French king Francis I from 1522 to 1525 and from 1527 to 1528; changing his allegiance, he subsequently went over to the service of Emperor Charles V. With the aid of Spanish imperial troops, he liberated Genoa from the forces of France in 1528 and obtained the restoration of the Genoese republic from the emperor. Under the constitution of 1528 introduced by Doria, an oligarchical government of the patriciate was established in Genoa. Doria became the actual ruler of the republic. In 1547 he suppressed the Fiesco conspiracy harshly. Under his command, the Spanish-Genoese fleet achieved a number of major victories (for example, during the Spanish expedition to Tunisia in 1535).

REFERENCES

Biancotti, A. A. Doria. Turin, 1920.
Luzzatti, I. Andrea Doria. [Milan, 1943.]