Dorothea Lynde Dix

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Dix, Dorothea Lynde,

1802–87, American social reformer, pioneer in the movement for humane treatment of the insane, b. Hampden, Maine. For many years she ran a school in Boston. In 1841 she visited a jail in East Cambridge, Mass., and was shocked at conditions there, especially the indiscriminate mixing of criminals and the insane. After inspecting other Massachusetts institutions, she wrote (1842) a famous memorandum to the state legislature. Her crusade resulted in the founding of state hospitals for the insane in many states, and her influence was felt in Canada and Europe. Dix also did notable work in penology. During the Civil War she was superintendent of women war nurses.

Bibliography

See H. E. Marshall, Dorothea Dix: Forgotten Samaritan (1937, repr. 1967); S. C. Beach, Daughters of the Puritans (1967); F. Tiffany, Life of Dorothea Lynde Dix (repr. 1971); D. C. Wilson, Stranger and Traveler: The Story of Dorothea Dix, American Reformer (1975); D. Gallaher, Voice for the Mad (1995).

References in periodicals archive ?
In many ways, current policy practice is a return to social work advocacy that was practiced by Dorothea Dix, Jane Addams, and others.
Dorothea Dix, another social work pioneer, on many occasions also spoke up against cruelty to animals.
98] Dorothea Dix wrote to her friend after her bill regarding the reform of insane asylums passed the Senate: "Congratulations flow in [ldots] as I rejoice quietly and silently, I feel that it is 'the Lord who has made my mountain to stand strong.
The Foundation of Hope provides financial support for ongoing and new research, treatment, and the development of researchers at Dorothea Dix Hospital, the University of North Carolina and its affiliated psychiatric institutions, and local mental health agencies.
A decade later, reformer Dorothea Dix, in her memorial report to the state Legislature, became the voice of conscience, with the unforgettable words calling attention to the state of the mentally ill, confined ".
Both Dorothea Dix Hospital in Raleigh and John Umstead Hospital in Butner each employ 1,400 state employees, and reports state the new consolidated facility would only employ approximately 1,000 individuals, a loss of 1,800 state jobs.
In a sixteen-page "Memorial" to the Illinois General Assembly in 1847, national prison reformer Dorothea Dix condemned every aspect of the penitentiary, concluding that there were "but two prisons in the United States which are so badly supplied, and so comfortless and disorderly, as this.
In the 1830s, after Worcester native Dorothea Dix sent her shocking reports to the Legislature about the abysmal treatment of the mentally ill across the commonwealth ( ".
Dorothea Dix, a native of Worcester, was one of the first to research and describe the horrors that prevailed in the state's prisons, county jails and alms houses, in particular for those deemed "insane.
Material sustenance came in spurts from wealthy relatives of Louisa's mother, Abby, and spiritual inspiration from illustrious friends, including as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Thoreau, Dorothea Dix and Nathaniel Hawthorne, among others, who would show up at the Alcott home.