Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

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Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot


Born May 12, 1910, in Cairo. British chemist and biochemist. Fellow of the London Royal Society (1947).

Hodgkin studied at Oxford University (1928-32), where she began to specialize in X-ray structural analysis. In 1932 she began working at Cambridge University. In collaboration with J. Bernal, she investigated the structure of sterols, peptides, and amino acids. She carried out an X-ray structural analysis of penicillin (1946), as well as of vitamin B12 (1956), which clearly revealed the vitamin’s structure. Hodgkin was the first to establish (1961) the direct link between a metal (cobalt) and carbon in organometallic compounds (one of the Bn-coenzymes). A member of many academies of sciences throughout the world, she is a Nobel Prize winner (1964).


”Rentgenostrukturnyi analiz i stroenie belkov.” In the collection Aminokisloty i belki. Moscow, 1952. (Translated from English.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The building is named after Nobel-prize winning scientist Dorothy Hodgkin.
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1910 Nace en el Cairo, Egipto, Dorothy Hodgkin, quien en 1964 octuvo el Premio Nobel de Quimica.
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Google doodle proactively featured other scientist and achievers such as British Chemist Dorothy Hodgkin, chemist Percy Julian, and Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe.
India, May 12 -- Google has posted a doodle with the chemical structure of penicillin on its home page to commemorate the 104th birth anniversary of renowned British biochemist Dorothy Hodgkin.
Women featured are science writer Mary Sommerville, Marie Stopes, a palaeobotanist and advocate of birth control, and Dorothy Hodgkin, who won a Noble prize in 1964 for work in mapping the structure of insulin.
Austrian physicist Lise Meitner who discovered nuclear fission was sixth in the list, while British chemist Dorothy Hodgkin who pioneered X-ray techniques was at seventh.
Dr Elena Turitsyna, from the university's School of Engineering and Applied Science, was awarded the Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowship, which offers the first step to an independent research career for leading scientists and engineers.