Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin(redirected from Dorothy Mary Hodgkin)
Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot
Born May 12, 1910, in Cairo. British chemist and biochemist. Fellow of the London Royal Society (1947).
Hodgkin studied at Oxford University (1928-32), where she began to specialize in X-ray structural analysis. In 1932 she began working at Cambridge University. In collaboration with J. Bernal, she investigated the structure of sterols, peptides, and amino acids. She carried out an X-ray structural analysis of penicillin (1946), as well as of vitamin B12 (1956), which clearly revealed the vitamin’s structure. Hodgkin was the first to establish (1961) the direct link between a metal (cobalt) and carbon in organometallic compounds (one of the Bn-coenzymes). A member of many academies of sciences throughout the world, she is a Nobel Prize winner (1964).